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    Multiple Choice

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    1. "Generally accepted" in the phrase generally accepted accounting principles means that the principles
    a. are proven theories of accounting.
    b. have substantial authoritative support.
    c. have been approved by the Internal Revenue Service.
    d. have been approved for use by the managements of business firms.

    2. Which one of the following is not an objective of financial reporting according to the conceptual framework?
    a. to provide information that will increase the value of the company.
    b. To provide information in assessing future cash flows.
    c. To provide information that is useful for making investment and credit
    decisions.
    d. To provide information that identifies economic resources, the claims to those
    resources and the changes in those resources and claims.

    3. The going concern assumption assumes that the business
    a. will be liquidated in the near future.
    b. will be purchased by another business.
    c is in a growth industry.
    d. will continue in operation long enough to carry out objectives and
    commitments.

    4. It is assumed that the activities of Chrysler Corporation can be distinguished from
    those of General Motors because of the
    a. going concern assumption.
    b. economic entity assumption .
    c. monetary unit assumption.
    d. time period assumption.

    5. The revenue recognition principle dictates that revenue should be recognized in
    the accounting period in which it is
    a. collected.
    b. earned.
    c. most likely to be collected.
    d. earned and collected.

    6. The cost principle requires that when assets are acquired, they be recorded at
    a. appraisal value.
    b. exchange price paid.
    c. selling price .
    d. list price.

    7. A basic assumption of accounting assumes that the dollar is
    a. unrelated to business transactions.
    b. a poor measure of economic activities.
    c. the common unit of measure for all business transactions
    d. useless in measuring an economic event.

    8. The left side of an account is
    a. blank.
    b. a description of the account.
    c. the debit side.
    d. the balance of the account.

    9. T-account is
    a. a way of depicting the basic form of an account.
    b. what the computer uses to organize bytes of information.
    c. a special account used instead of a trial balance.
    d. used for accounts that have both a debit and credit balance.

    10. A debit is not the normal balance for which account listed below?
    a. Dividends.
    b. Cash.
    c. Accounts Receivable.
    d. Service Fees Earned.

    11. An awareness of the normal balances of accounts would help you spot which of
    the following as an error in recording?
    a. A debit balance in the Dividends account.
    b. A credit balance in an expense account.
    c. A credit balance in a liabilities account.
    d. A credit balance in a revenue account.

    12. A journal is not useful for
    a. disclosing in one place the complete effect of a transaction.
    b. preparing financial statements .
    c. providing a record of transactions.
    d. locating and preventing errors.

    13. Which of the following is not a common time period chosen by businesses as their accounting period?
    a. Daily.
    b. Monthly.
    c. Quarterly.
    d. Annually.

    14. Jim's Tune-up Shop follows the revenue recognition principle. Jim services a car
    on July 31. The customer picks up the vehicle on August 1 and mails the payment
    to Jim on August 5. Jim receives the check in the mail on August 6. When should
    Jim show that the revenue was earned?
    a. July 31
    b. August 1
    c. August 5
    d. August 6

    15. An asset--expense relationship exists with
    a. liability accounts.
    b. revenue accounts.
    c. prepaid expense adjusting entries.
    d. accrued expense adjusting entries.

    16. A law firm received $2,000 cash for legal services to be rendered in the future.
    The full amount was credited to the liability account Unearned Service Revenue. If the legal services have been rendered at the end of the accounting period and no adjusting entry is made, this would cause
    a. expenses to be overstated.
    b. net income to be overstated.
    c. liabilities to be understated.
    d. revenues to be understated.

    17. The matching principle matches
    a. customers with businesses.
    b. expenses with revenues.
    c. assets with liabilities.
    d. creditors with businesses.

    18. If the total debit column exceeds the total credit column of the income statement
    columns on a work sheet, then the company has
    a. earned net income for the period.
    b: an error because debits do not equal credits.
    c. suffered a net loss for the period.
    d. to make an adjusting entry.

    19. Closing entries are made
    a. in order to terminate the business as an operating entity.
    b. so that all assets, liabilities, and stockholders' equity accounts will have zero
    balances when the next accounting period starts.
    c. in order to transfer net income (or loss) and dividends to the Retained Earnings
    account.
    d. so that financial statements can be prepared.

    20. In preparing closing entries
    a. each revenue account will be credited.
    b.each expense account will be credited.
    c. the Retained Earnings account will be debited if there is net income for the
    period.
    d. the Dividends account will be debited.

    21. .The closing entry process consists of closing
    a. all asset and liability accounts.
    b. out the Retained Earnings account.
    c. all permanent accounts.
    d. all temporary accounts .

    22. An enterprise that sells goods to customers is known as a
    a. proprietorship.
    b. corporation.
    c. retailer.
    d. service firm.

    23. Sales revenue less cost of goods sold is called
    a. gross profit.
    b. net profit.
    c. net income.
    d. marginal income.

    24. After gross profit is calculated, operating expenses are deducted to determine
    a. gross margin.
    b. net income .
    c. gross profit on sales.
    d. net margin.

    25. Gross profit does not appear
    a. on a multiple-step income statement.
    b. on a single-step income statement.
    c. to be relevant in analyzing the operation of a merchandising company.
    d. on the income statement if the periodic inventory system is used because it
    cannot be calculated.

    26. Income from operations appears on
    a. both a multiple-step and a single-step income statement.
    b. neither a multiple-step nor a single-step income statement.
    c. a single-step income statement.
    d. multiple-step income statement.

    27. If goods in transit are shipped FOB destination
    a. the seller has legal title to the goods until they are delivered.
    b. the buyer has legal title to the goods until they are delivered.
    c. the transportation company has legal title to the goods while the goods are in
    transit.
    d. no one has legal title to the goods until they are delivered.

    28. Wagner Company's goods in transit at December 31 include sales made
    (1) FOB destination.
    (2) FOB shipping point and purchases made FOB shipping point.
    (3) FOB destination and purchases made FOB shipping point.
    (4) FOB shipping point.

    Which items should be included in Wagner's inventory at December 31?
    a. (2) and (3).
    b. (1) and (4).
    c. (1) and (3).
    d. ( 2 ) and ( 4 ).

    29. Net purchases plus freight-in determines
    a. cost of goods sold.
    b. cost of goods available for sale.
    c. cost of goods purchased.
    d. total goods available for sale.

    30. The LIFO inventory method assumes that the cost of the latest units purchased are
    a. the last to be allocated to cost of goods sold.
    b the first to be allocated to ending inventory.
    c. the first to be allocated to cost of goods sold.
    d. not allocated to cost of goods sold or ending inventory.

    31. The selection of an appropriate inventory cost flow assumption for an individual
    company is made by
    a. the external auditors.
    b. the SEC.
    c. the internal auditors.
    d. management .

    32. Which of the following is not a common cost flow assumption used in costing
    inventory?
    a. First-in, first-out.
    b. Middle-in, first-out.
    c. Last-in, first-out.
    d. Average cost.

    33. Which one of the following is not an objective of a system of internal controls?
    a. safeguard company assets.
    b. overstate liabilities in order to be conservative.
    c. Enhance the accuracy and reliability of accounting records.
    d. Reduce the risks of errors.

    34. Journalize the following business transactions in general journal form. Identify
    each transaction by number. You may omit the explanation of the transactions.

    1. Stockholders invest $25,000 in cash in starting a real estate office
    operating as a corporation.
    2. Purchased $400 of office supplies on credit.
    3. Purchased office equipment for $8,000, paying $2,500 in cash and signed a 30-day, $5,500, note payable.
    4. Real estate commissions billed to clients amount to $4,000.
    5. Paid $700 in cash for current month's rent.
    6. Paid $200 cash on account for office supplies purchased in transaction 2.
    7. Received a bill for $500 for advertising for the current month.
    8. Paid $2,200 cash for office salaries.
    9. Paid $1,200 cash dividends to stockholders.
    10. Received a check for $3,000 from a client in payment on account for commissions billed in transaction 4.

    35. The work sheet for the Terry Rental Company appears at the end of the packet. Using the adjustment data below, complete the work sheet. Add any accounts that are necessary. You may use the work sheet itself or do this in Excel.

    Adjustment data:
    a. Prepaid rent expired during August, $3.
    b. Depreciation expense on office equipment for the month of August, $8.
    c. Supplies on hand on August 31 amounted to $4.
    d. Salaries expense incurred at August 31 but not yet paid amounted to $12.

    36. The financial statement columns of the work sheet for Video Concepts at
    December 31, 2003 are as follows:

    Video Concepts
    Work Sheet
    For the Year Ended December 31, 2003

    Income Statement Balance Sheet

    Accounts
    Debit Credit Debit Credit
    Cash 14,000
    Accounts Receivable 11,000
    Supplies 4,000
    Prepaid Insurance 6,000
    Video Equipment 210,000
    Acc. Depreciation - Equipment 26,000
    Accounts Payable 24,000
    Note Payable 60,000
    Salaries Payable 3,000
    Common Stock 90,000
    Retained Earnings 22,000
    Dividends 15,000
    Video Rental Revenue 138,000
    Advertising Expense 21,000
    Depreciation Expense 12,000
    Insurance Expense 3,000
    Rent Expense 17,000
    Salaries Expense 44,000
    Supplies Expense
    6,000

    Totals 103,000 138,000 260,000 225,000
    Net Income
    35,000
    35,000
    138,000 138,000 260,000 260,000

    INSTRUCTIONS
    a. Calculate the balance of Retained Earnings that would appear on a balance sheet at December 31, 2003. Show it below.
    b. Prepare a classified balance sheet for Video Concepts at December 31, 2003 assuming the note payable is a long-term liability.

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