I have answered the following questions; however, I wanted to see what your responses would be.
What are earnings and profits? How and why are they computed? What difference do earnings and profits make to a corporation? To the stockholders of a corporation?
Earnings and profits are economic income -- income that the company has available for shareholders in an amount that would not affect working capital. When a company calculates earnings and profits, they do so by the following: taxable income + any additions/adjustments to taxable income - subtractions from taxable income - accounting adjustments for year-end = earnings and profits. The end result is the amount of current earnings and profits. It is the total net profit after including adjustments and subtracting the appropriate amount of distributions - basically, it's what's left over. ...
This solution explains earnings and profits, including how and why they're computed. This solution also includes a detailed discussion of the difference earnings and profits make to a corporation and to the stockholders of a corporation.