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    Corporation Overhead Application

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    XYZ Corporation uses a job-cost system and applies manufacturing overhead to products on the basis of machine hours. The company's accountant estimated that overhead and machine hours would total $800,000 and 50,000, respectively, for 20x1. Actual costs incurred follow.

    Direct Material Used $250,000
    Direct Labor 300,000
    Manufacturing Overhead 816,000

    The manufacturing overhead figure presented above excludes $27,000 of sales commissions incurred by the firm. An examination of job-cost records revealed that 18 jobs were sold during the year at a total cost of $2,960,000. These goods were sold to customers for $3,720,000. Actual machine hours worked totaled 51,500, and XYZ adjusts under- or over applied overhead at year-end to Cost of Goods Sold.

    Required:
    A. Determine the company's predetermined overhead application rate.
    B. Determine the amount of under- or overapplied overhead at year-end. Be sure to indicate whether overhead was under- or overapplied.
    C. Compute the company's cost of goods sold.
    D. What alternative accounting treatment could the company have used at year-end to adjust for under- or overapplied overhead? Is the alternative that you suggested appropriate in this case? Why?

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    Solution Preview

    Dear student,

    A. Determine the company's predetermined overhead application rate.
    overhead application rate = manufacturing overhead/number of hours 16 per hour
    B. amount of over /under applied overhead
    applied ...

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