1. Q: Compare and contrast descriptive and injunctive norms, and give an example of each.
2. Q: Explain why, in even informally organized groups, role differentiation still occurs.
3. Q: Edwina is the only woman in a work group. She has many good ideas, but the group members ignore them. How would expectations-states theory explain her dilemma? What would you tell Edwina to do to improve the situation?
4. Q: You work in a large organization as a manager of a staff of six people. What kinds of role conflicts might you and your staff experience, and what steps could you take to avoid these conflicts?
-A descriptive norm refers to people's perceptions of what is commonly done in specific situations.
example:observations of how people consume alcohol in discrete drinking situations
-An injunctive norm refers to people's perceptions of what is commonly acceptable or unacceptable of within a particular culture.
example:perceived approval of drinking (the norms of "ought") ...