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    Braemar Saddlery: Under and Over Applied Overhead

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    Braemar Saddlery uses department budgets and performance reports in planning and controlling its manufacturing operations. The following annual performance report for the custom saddle production department was presented to the president of the company:

    Budgeted Costs for 5,000 Units Per Unit (see attached for better formatting)

    Variable manufacturing costs:
    Direct materials $ 30.00
    Direct labor 48.00
    Indirect labor 15.00
    Indirect materials, supplies, etc. 9.00
    Total variable manufacturing costs $ 102.00

    Fixed manufacturing costs:
    Lease rental $ 9.00
    Salaries of foremen 24.00
    Depreciation and other 15.00

    Flexible Budget

    Variable manufacturing costs:
    Direct materials $ 150,000
    Direct labor 240,000
    Indirect labor 75,000
    Indirect materials, supplies, etc. 45,000
    Total variable manufacturing costs $ 510,000

    Fixed manufacturing costs:
    Lease rental $ 45,000
    Salaries of foremen 120,000
    Depreciation and other 75,000

    Actual Costs Incurred

    Variable manufacturing costs:
    Direct materials $ 171,000
    Direct labor 261,500
    Indirect labor 95,500
    Indirect materials, supplies, etc. 48,400
    Total variable manufacturing costs $ 576,400

    Fixed manufacturing costs:
    Lease rental $ 45,000
    Salaries of foremen 125,000
    Depreciation and other 78,600

    Over (Under) Budget

    Variable manufacturing costs:
    Direct materials $ 21,000
    Direct labor 21,500
    Indirect labor 20,500
    Indirect materials, supplies, etc. 3,400
    Total variable manufacturing costs $ 66,400

    Fixed manufacturing costs:
    Lease rental $ 0
    Salaries of foremen $ 5,000
    Depreciation and other 3,600

    Although a production volume of 5,000 saddles was originally budgeted for the year, the actual volume of production achieved for the year was 6,000 saddles. Direct materials and direct labor are charged to production at actual cost. Factory overhead is applied to production at the predetermined rate of 150 percent of the actual direct labor cost.

    After a quick glance at the performance report showing an unfavorable manufacturing cost variance of $75,000, the president said to the accountant: "Fix this thing so it makes sense. It looks as though our production people really blew the budget. Remember that we exceeded our budgeted production schedule by a significant margin. I want this performance report to show a better picture of our ability to control costs."


    a. Prepare a revised performance report for the year on a flexible budget basis. Use the same format as the production report above, but revise the budgeted cost figures to reflect the actual production level of 6,000 saddles. (Leave no cells blank - be certain to enter "0" wherever required. Under-budget amounts should be indicated with a minus sign. Round your per unit answers to 1 decimal place. Omit the "$" sign in your response.)

    b. What is the amount of over- or underapplied manufacturing overhead for the year? (Note that a standard cost system is not used.)

    Manufacturing overhead applied $
    Underapplied manufacturing overhead $

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    Solution Summary

    Your tutorial is attached in excel. Click in cells to see computations. This guidance shows you the process for over and under applied as well as flexible budget computations.