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Accounting for Income Taxes: Different Approaches

Mark or Make is a bourbon distillery. Sales have been steady for the past three years and operating costs have remained unchanged. On January 1, 2037, Mark or Make took advantage of a special deal to prepay its rent for three years at a substantial savings. The amount of the prepayment was $60,000. The income statement items (excluding the rent) are shown below.

20x7 20x8 20x9
Gross profit on sales 350,000 349,000 351,000
Operating expense 210,000 210,000 210,000

Assume that the rental is deducted on the corporate tax purposes in 2037 and that there are no other temporary differences between taxable income and pretax accounting income. In addition, there are no permanent differences between taxable income and pretax accounting income. The corporate tax rate for all three years is 30 percent.

Required:
a. Construct income statements for 2037, 2038, and 2039 under the following approaches to interperiod income tax allocation:
i. No allocation
ii. Comprehensive allocation
b. Do you believe that no allocation distorts Mark or Make's net income?
Explain.
c. For years 2037 and 2038, Mark or Make reported net income applying the concept of comprehensive interperiod income tax allocation. During 2038 Congress passed a new tax law that will increase the corporate tax rate from 30 to 33 percent. Reconstruct the income statements for 2038 and
2039 under the following assumptions:
i. Mark or Make uses the deferred method to account for interperiod income tax allocation.
ii. Mark or Make uses the asset-liability approach to account for interperiod income tax allocation.
d. Which of the two approaches used in question (a) provides measures of income and liabilities that are useful to decision makers? Explain.

Solution Summary

Solution is provided in Excel file. Income statements are prepared under the following approaches to interperiod income tax allocation:
i. No allocation
ii. Comprehensive allocation
Income statements are also constructed assuming the company uses the deferred method to account for interperiod income tax allocation, then assuming the company uses the asset-liability approach to account for interperiod income tax allocation.

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