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    Accounting: Assumptions, Principles, and Constraints Matching

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    (Assumptions, Principles, and Constraints) Presented below are the assumptions, principles, and
    constraints.

    1. Economic Entity Assumption
    2. Going concern assumption
    3. Monetary unit assumption
    4. Periodicity assumption
    5. Historical cost principle
    6. Fair value principle
    7. Expense recognition principle
    8. Full disclosure principle
    9. Cost-benefit relationship
    10. Materiality
    11. Industry practices
    12. Conservatism

    Instructions
    Identify by number the accounting assumption, principle, or constraint that describes each situation below.
    Do not use a number more than once.

    (a) Allocates expenses to revenues in the proper period.
    (b) Indicates that fair value changes subsequent to purchase are not recorded in the accounts. (Do
    not use revenue recognition principle.)
    (c) Ensures that all relevant financial information is reported.
    (d) Rationale why plant assets are not reported at liquidation value. (Do not use historical cost principle.)
    (e) Anticipates all losses, but reports no gains.
    (f) Indicates that personal and business record keeping should be separately maintained.
    (g) Separates financial information into time periods for reporting purposes.
    (h) Permits the use of fair value valuation in certain industries. (Do not use fair value principle).
    (i) Requires that information significant enough to affect the decision of reasonably informed users
    should be disclosed. (Do not use full disclosure principle.)
    (j) Assumes that the dollar is the "measuring stick" used to report on financial performance.

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    Solution Preview

    (a) Allocates expenses to revenues in the proper period. (7) - Expense recognition principle

    (b) Indicates that fair value changes subsequent to purchase are not recorded in the accounts. (Do
    not use revenue recognition principle.) (5) Historical cost principle

    (c) Ensures that all relevant financial ...

    Solution Summary

    The solution provides the matching between situation and the accounting assumption, principle, or constraint

    $2.19