Preferred stock is a hybrid security that is an equity holding but behaves more like a bond, as far as stock price movements. Preferred stock has no voting rights, and in the event of bankruptcy, preferred shareholder claims follow bondholders and precede common shareholders. Preferred dividends are contractual, in that while the stated dividend may not be paid in a given year due to low earnings and cash flows, all prior years' dividends must be paid-up to preferred stockholders before any dividends are paid to common stockholders. Consequently, preferred stockholders can generally count on a certain amount of income over a period of years, although some years' income may be made up in later years.
Years ago, preferred stock was issued as a perpetuity- it never matured. However, in recent decades, preferred stock is issued with a maturity date as would a bond. This practice assists in security valuation for financial and insurance companies whose assets must be assessed relative to its liabilities.
Apply this concept.
A firm issued a preferred stock which matures in 30 years and carries a maturity value of $45. The dividend is $4 per year over the 30 year period. The current market discount rate for this stock is 8%. What is the value of the preferred share?
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Finance: Bond valuation, YTM, beta, Portfolio Required Return, DPS, constant growth
Please see attached file for problems.
Week 3 Problem Set Solutions
5-1: Bond Valuation with Annual Payments.
Jackson Corporations bonds have 12 years remaining to maturity. Interest is paid annually, the bonds have a $ 1,000 par value, and the coupon interest rate is 8%. The bonds have a yield to maturity of 9%. What is the current market price of these bonds?
5-2: Yield to Maturity for Annual Payments.
Wilson Wonders bonds have 12 years remaining to maturity. Interest is paid annually, the bonds have a $ 1,000 par value, and the coupon interest rate is 10%. The bonds sell at a price of $ 850. What is their yield to maturity?
5-3: Current Yield for Annual Payments.
Heath Foods bonds have 7 years remaining to maturity. The bonds have a face value of $ 1,000 and a yield to maturity of 8%. They pay interest annually and have a 9% coupon rate. What is their current yield?
5-7: Bond Valuation with Semiannual Payments.
Renfro Rentals has issued bonds that have a 10% coupon rate, payable semiannually. The bonds mature in 8 years, have a face value of $ 1,000, and a yield to maturity of 8.5%. What is the price of the bonds?
5-8: Yield to Maturity and Call with Semiannual Payments.
Thatcher Corporations bonds will mature in 10 years. The bonds have a face value of $ 1,000 and an 8% coupon rate, paid semiannually. The price of the bonds is $ 1,100. The bonds are callable in 5 years at a call price of $ 1,050. What is their yield to maturity? What is their yield to call?
6-1: Portfolio Beta.
An individual has $ 35,000 invested in a stock which has a beta of 0.8 and $ 40,000 invested in a stock with a beta of 1.4. If these are the only two investments in her portfolio, what is her portfolios beta?
6-3: Expected and Required Rates of Return.
Assume that the risk- free rate is 5% and the market risk premium is 6%. What is the expected return for the overall stock market? What is the required rate of return on a stock that has a beta of 1.2?
6-4: Expected Return Discrete Distribution.
A stocks return has the following distribution:
Calculate the stocks expected return, standard deviation, and coefficient of variation.
6-9: Portfolio Required Return
Suppose you are the money manager of a $ 4 million investment fund. The fund consists of four stocks with the following investments and betas:
6-10: Portfolio Beta
You have a $ 2 million portfolio consisting of a $ 100,000 investment in each of 20 different stocks. The portfolio has a beta equal to 1.1. You are considering selling $ 100,000 worth of one stock which has a beta equal to 0.9 and using the proceeds to purchase another stock which has a beta equal to 1.4. What will be the new beta of your portfolio following this transaction?
6-11 Required Rate of Return
Stock R has a beta of 1.5, Stock S has a beta of 0.75, the expected rate of return on an average stock is 13%, and the risk- free rate of return is 7%. By how much does the required return on the riskier stock exceed the required return on the less risky stock?
Time to Reflect
Assume that the U.S. financial market consists of two firms, Food Mart and Tech Mart. Use the following stock return data which include U.S. T-Bills to calculate the expected return, beta of market for each security, and the required rate of return of all securities in the market including the market itself.
8-1: DPS Calculation
Thress Industries just paid a dividend of $ 1.50 a share ( i. e., D0 $ 1.50). The dividend is expected to grow 5% a year for the next 3 years, and then 10% a year thereafter. What is the expected dividend per share for each of the next 5 years?
8-2: Constant Growth Valuation
Boehm Incorporated is expected to pay a $ 1.50 per share dividend at the end of the year ( i. e., D1 =$ 1.50). The dividend is expected to grow at a constant rate of 7% a year. The required rate of return on the stock, rs, is 15%. What is the value per share of the company's stock?
8-3: Constant Growth Valuation
Woidtke Manufacturings stock currently sells for $ 20 a share. The stock just paid a dividend of $ 1.00 a share ( i. e., D0 =$ 1.00). The dividend is expected to grow at a constant rate of 10% a year. What stock price is expected 1 year from now? What is the required rate of return on the company's stock?
8-4: Preferred Stock Valuation
Basil Pet Products has preferred stock outstanding which pays a dividend of $ 5 at the end of each year. The preferred stock sells for $ 50 a share. What is the preferred stocks required rate of return?
8-11: Nonconstant Growth Stock Valuation
Assume that the average firm in your companys industry is expected to grow at a constant rate of 6% and its dividend yield is 7%. Your company is about as risky as the average firm in the industry, but it has just successfully completed some R& D work that leads you to expect that its earnings and dividends will grow at a rate of 50% [ D1= D0( 1 g) D0=( 1.50)] this year and 25% the following year, after which growth should match the 6% industry average rate. The last dividend paid ( D0) was $ 1. What is the value per share of your firms stock?
8-12: Nonconstant Growth Stock Valuation
Simpkins Corporation is expanding rapidly, and it currently needs to retain all of its earnings; hence it does not pay any dividends. However, investors expect Simpkins to begin paying dividends, with the first dividend of $ 1.00 coming 3 years from today. The dividend should grow rapidly at a rate of 50% per year during Years 4 and 5. After Year 5, the company should grow at a constant rate of 8% per year. If the required return on the stock is 15%, what is the value of the stock today?
8-13: Preferred Stock Valuation
Rolen Riders issued preferred stock with a stated dividend of 10% of par. Preferred stock of this type currently yields 8%, and the par value is $ 100. Assume dividends are paid annually. a. What is the value of Rolens preferred stock? b. Suppose interest rate levels rise to the point where the preferred stock now yields 12%. What would be the value of Rolens preferred stock?
8-14: Return on Common Stock
You buy a share of The Ludwig Corporation stock for $ 21.40. You expect it to pay dividends of $ 1.07, $ 1.1449, and $ 1.2250 in Years 1, 2, and 3, respectively, and you expect to sell it at a price of $ 26.22 at the end of 3 years.
a. Calculate the growth rate in dividends.
b. Calculate the expected dividend yield.
c. Assuming that the calculated growth rate is expected to continue, you can add the dividend yield to the expected growth rate to get the expected total rate of return. What is this stocks expected total rate of return?
8-17: Constant Growth Stock Valuation
Suppose a firms common stock paid a dividend of $ 2 yesterday. You expect the dividend to grow at the rate of 5% per year for the next 3 years, and, if you buy the stock, you plan to hold it for 3 years and then sell it.
a. Find the expected dividend for each of the next 3 years; that is, calculate D1, D2, and D3. Note that D0 $ 2.
b. Given that the appropriate discount rate is 12% and that the first of these dividend payments will occur 1 year from now, find the present value of the dividend stream; that is, calculate the PV of D1, D2, and D3, and then sum these PVs.
c. You expect the price of the stock 3 years from now to be $ 34.73; that is, you expect P 3 to equal $ 34.73. Discounted at a 12% rate, what is the present value of this expected future stock price? In other words, calculate the PV of $ 34.73.
d. If you plan to buy the stock, hold it for 3 years, and then sell it for $ 34.73, what is the most you should pay for it?
e. Use Equation 8- 2 to calculate the present value of this stock. Assume that g 5%, and it is constant.
f. Is the value of this stock dependent on how long you plan to hold it? In other words, if your planned holding period were 2 years or 5 years rather than 3 years, would this affect the value of the stock today, P 0? Reizenstein Trucking (RT) has just developed a solar