I need help explaining what impact the state and practice of Sikhism traditions has in (India) Communist China?© BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com October 9, 2019, 6:38 pm ad1c9bdddf
1. I need help explaining what impact the state and practice of Sikhism traditions has in (India) Communist China?
I am not clear why you have India in brackets, but my understanding is that you are asking about the impact that the state and practice of Sikhism has in India and Communist China. Is that it?
Religion has always been a very major part of culture, influencing governments, families, daily habits, and more. Jews and Muslims are forbidden to eat pork; The Holy Koran has become the foundation of civil law in Saudi Arabia; conflict can erupt when people feel their religion is threatened as seen in the ongoing upheaval in Sri Lanka between the Buddhist Sinhalese and the Hindu Tamils. Sikh nationalism continues to trouble India. Religion can also provide a code of behavior in a person's relationship with other people. For example, almost every major religion promotes a tenet resembling the Golden Rule of "doing unto others as you would have them do unto you." http://www.pbs.org/teachersource/thismonth/mar02/index2.shtm
The government established by the Communists in China was centralized in a single body, the Central People's Government Council, which exercised all executive, legislative, and judicial powers. This council consisted of a chairman (Mao), six vice-chairmen, and fifty-six members elected by the People's Political Consultative Council. When the Central People's Government Council, which met twice a month, was not in session, its powers were assumed by a twenty member body called the State Administrative Council headed by a premiere (Chou En-lai); when this body was not in session, the state powers fell to the chairman of the state (Mao). In 1953, voting rights were extended to all citizens over the age of eighteen except landlords and counterrevolutionaries. In 1954, the first local assemblies were elected and these assemblies in turn elected provincial assemblies, which in turn elected the National People's Congress, which approved a new constitution on September 28. This constitution ratified centralized democracy and spelled out a series of rights that all citizens would enjoy. Paramount, however, in this list of rights was the exclusion of counterrevolutionary individuals; the Chinese bill of rights also reserved for the state the power to "reform traitors and counterrevolutionaries." That is, every Chinese citizen had the full line of legal rights and guarantees unless they disagreed with the government. (See more detail at http://www.wsu.edu:8001/~dee/MODCHINA/COMM2.HTM).
E.g. Communist China and It's Influence
E.g. People's Republic of China
-also called Red China or Mainland China
-established by Mao Zedong after defeat of the Nationalist
-a communist government (see more at http://www.atlantic.k12.ia.us/~hinzss/20centch32notes.html).
See http://www.sikhcoalition.org/Sikhism17.asp for the impact of Sikhism traditions in Communist China. However, it seems that Sikhism had less influences than other eastern religions in Communist China e.g. Taoism.
Sikhism, "follower," was a new religion that attempted to reconcile and replace Hinduism and Islâm. Although there are some 18 million Sikhs today, this never made much of a dent in the numbers of Hindus or Moslems, and long earned the Sikhs little but hositility from both. After the Fifth Gurû ("Teacher") was executed by the Moghuls, the Sixth rejected Moghul authority and was forced to flee to the mountains. When the Ninth Gurû was later again executed by the Moghuls, the Tenth, Gobind Râi, took things a step further by transforming the community into an army, the Khâlsâ, "Pure." Every Sikh became a Singh, "Lion." The succession of Gurûs was then ended. At first this transformation did not seem to improve things much. Gobind Singh and his temporal successor, Bandâ Singh Bahâdur, both died violent deaths, and the community fragmented. But with the decline of Moghul power, opportunity knocked. The Khâlsâ was soon again unified and installed in Lahore, under Ranjît Singh, who became Mahârâjâ of the Punjab. Henceforth the Sikhs, although never more than a minority, were the greatest military power in northern India. The death of Ranjît, however, led to a chaotic succession and conflict among his heirs. Two sharp wars with the British led to the annexation of the Punjab, after which Sikh warlike ambitions could be directed through membership in the British Indian Army, where the Sikhs stood out with their characteristic turbans and beards. (Click for a list of Gurus http://friesian.com/sangoku.htm#sikhs).
In modern India a movement began for Sikh independence from India, with the Indian Punjab becoming Khâlistân. Led by Sant Jarnail Singh Bhindrânwale, this led to a catastrophic showdown in 1984 when the Golden Temple in Armitsar, the fortified center of the Sikh Faith, was stormed by the Indian Army, and Bhindrânwale killed. When Prime Minister Indria Gandhi was assassinated later the same year by Sikh bodyguards, few doubted that this was an act of revenge. Sikh nationalism continues to trouble India (see more detail at http://friesian.com/sangoku.htm#sikhs).
However, Islâm came to India in great measure in the person of Mah.mûd of Ghazna, who began raiding the country at the turn of the Millennium. This progressed to permanent occupation under his successors, the Ghurids, whose slave viceroys became independent at the beginning of the 13th century, founding the Sult.ânate of Delhi. This began an Islâmic domination of India that lasted until the advent of the British. The consequences of the Islâmic conquest can hardly be underestimated. Up to a quarter of all Indians ended up converting from Sikhism to Islâm. Buddhism disappeared. Some of the greatest monuments of Indian architecture, like the Taj Mahal, really reflect Persian and Central Asian civilization rather than Indian. Indian Moslems became accustomed, as was their right under Islâmic Law, to be ruled by a Moslem power. In practical terms, that meant that they did not want to be ruled by Hindus, when and if India should become independent. Today, the separation of Pakistan and Bangladesh from the Republic of India, with ongoing strife between them, and the occasional riot between Hindus and Moslems in India itself, are all the result of this. (http://friesian.com/sangoku.htm#sikhs)
It seems that Sikhism tradition had less impact on Communist China than did other Eastern Religions, and in Communism the state rules. ...
This solution explains the impact of t the state and practice of Sikhism traditions has in India and Communist China.