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3 good questions in mechanics: Force, work and energy.

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1.) To immobilize a fractured femur, doctors often utilize the Russell traction system illustrated in the figure below. Notice that one force is applied directly to the knee, F1, while two other forces, F2 and F3, are applied to the foot. The latter two forces combine to give a force F2 + F3 that is transmitted through the lower leg to the knee. The result is that the knee experiences the total force Ftotal = F1 + F2 + F3. The goal of this traction system is to have Ftotal directly in line with the fractured femur, at an angle of 20.0° above the horizontal.

Find the following if m = 3.66 kg.
(a) The angle θ required to produce this alignment of Ftotal.
(b) The magnitude of the force, Ftotal, that is applied to the femur in this case.

2.) A block is acted on by a force that varies as (1.9 104 N/m) x for 0 x 0.17 m, and then remains constant at 3230 N for larger x.
(a) How much work does the force do on the block in moving it from x = 0 to x = 0.30 m?
(b) How much work does the force do on the block in moving it from x = 0.10 m to x = 0.40 m?

3.) Water skiers often ride to one side of the center line of a boat, as shown in the figure below. In this case, the ski boat is traveling at 15 m/s and the tension in the rope is 80 N. If the boat does 3500 J of work on the skier in 49.9 m, what is the angle θ between the tow rope and the center line of the boat?

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3 good questions about force, variable force, work. energy are solved.

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17 Problems All in Mechanics: Force, tension, energy, vel...

Question 1: A packing crate is placed on a plane inclined at an angle of 35o from horizontal. If the coefficient of static friction between the crate and the plane is 0.65, will the crate slide down the plane? Justify your answer.

Question 2: For the situation shown in the figure, what is the minimum coefficient of static friction between the block and the surface that will keep the block from moving? (F1 = 5.0 N, F2 = 4.0 N, and m = 5.0 kg.)

Question 3: If the coefficient of kinetic friction between the block and the table in the figure below is 0.560, and m1 = 0.150 kg and m2 = 0.250 kg (a) what should m3 be if the system is to move with a constant speed? (b) If m3 = 0.100 kg, what is the magnitude of the acceleration of the system? (Assume ideal conditions for the string and pulleys.)

Question 4 A father pulls his young daughter on a sled with a constant velocity on a level surface through a distance of 10 m, as illustrated below. If the total mass of the sled and the girl is 35 kg and the coefficient of kinetic friction between the sled runners and the snow is 0.20, how much work does the father do?

Question 5: A student could either pull or push, at an angle of 30o from the horizontal, a 50-kg crate on a horizontal surface, where the coefficient of kinetic friction between the crate and surface is 0.20. The crate is to be moved a horizontal distance of 15 m.
(a) Compared with pushing, pulling requires the student to do (1) less, (2) the same, or (3) more work.
(b) Calculate the minimum work required for both pulling and pushing.

Question 6: A particular spring has a force constant of 2.5 X 103 N/m.
(a) How much work is done in stretching the initially-relaxed spring by 6.0 cm?
(b) How much more work is done in stretching the spring an additional 2.0 cm?

Question 7: Levers, pulleys, and wedges are simple machines. Does the concept of work explain why we use these machines in our daily lives, how they work, and why they work? Explain your reasons in two paragraphs, taking examples from daily life.

Question 8: For identical materials, the static coefficient cannot be greater than kinetic

True or False

Question 9: A wooden block slides directly down an incline plane, at constant velocity of 6.0 m/s. How large is the coefficient of the kinetic friction, if the plane makes an angle of 25 degrees with the horizontal?

A. 0.47
B. 0.42
C. 0.91
D. 0.37
E. 2.1

Question 10: Consider a plot of the displacement on the y- axis vs. applied force on the x-axis for an ideal elastic spring. The slope of the curve would be:
A. the spring is constant
B. the reciprocal of the spring constant
C. the reciprocal of the acceleration of gravity
D. the acceleration of gravity

Question 11: You lift a 10. lb physic book up in the air a distance of 1 ft., at a constant velocity of 0.5 ft./s the work is done by gravity.
A. Zero
B. +5 ft. lb.
C. +10 ft. lb
D. - 10 ft. lb
E. - 5 ft. lb

Question 12: To push a piece of heavy furniture across the carpet usually takes more force to get it moving than it takes to keep it moving. That is because
A. the kinetic coefficient of friction is larger than static coefficient
B. of Newton's Third Law
C. It does not take more force
D. The static coefficient of friction is larger than kinetic coefficient

Question 13: The kinetic friction of one metal object sliding along another metal surface depend least upon.
A. the coefficient of kinetic friction
B. the normal force
C. the nature of the materials in contact
D. the area of contact

Question 14: A packing car slides down an incline at a constant velocity. Thus we can deduce that:
A. a net downward force is acting on it
B. it may be accelerating
C. a frictional force is acting on it
D. it is not acted on by an appreciable gravitational force

Question 15: Which of the following is not an unit of work
A. N-m
B. KW-h
C. J
D. W-s
E. Kg-m/s

Question 16: Two men, Joel and Jerry , push against a immovable wall. Jerry stops at 10 minutes , while Joel is able to push another 5 minutes longer. Compare the work they do:
A. Jerry does 50% more work than Joel
B. Joel does 50% more work than Jerry
C. Neither of them do anymore work
D. Joel does 75% more work than Jerry

Question 17: A 10.0 Kg mass, hung onto a spring , causes the spring to stretch 2.0 cm. the spring is constant is:
A. 0.020 N/cm.
B. 49 N/cm
C. 20.0 N/cm
D. 5.0 N/cm
E. 0.20 N/cm

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