Explore BrainMass

Simple Harmonic Motion: Energy lost in impact.

This content was STOLEN from BrainMass.com - View the original, and get the already-completed solution here!

A block with mass attached to a horizontal spring with force constant is moving with simple harmonic motion having amplitude. At the instant when the block passes through its equilibrium position, a lump of putty with mass m is dropped vertically onto the block from a very small height and sticks to it.

For this value of m, what fraction of the original mechanical energy is converted into heat? *Answer expressed in terms of M, A_1, and k)

© BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com October 24, 2018, 10:51 pm ad1c9bdddf

Solution Summary

A lump of putty is dropped on a horizontal simple harmonic oscillator, the fraction of energy converted to heat is calculated.

See Also This Related BrainMass Solution

Physics: Energy conversions, mechanical energy, elastic vs inelastic, initial speed, torques, energy required, angular speed, doppler effect

A ball dropped to the floor rises to a height less than its original height. Discuss some of the energy conversions that take place in a system like this.

When a mass is placed on top of a vertical spring, the spring compresses and the mass moves downward. Discuss this system in terms of mechanical energy.

Your car rolls slowly in a parking lot and bangs into the metal base of a light pole. In terms of safety, is it better for your collision with the light pole to be elastic or inelastic? Explain

At the grocery store you pick up a can of beef broth and a can of chunky beef stew. The cans are identical in diameter and weight. Rolling both of them down the aisle with the same initial speed, you notice that the can of chunky stew rolls much farther than the can of broth. Why?

When a motorcycle accelerates rapidly from a stop it sometimes "pops a wheelie"; that is, its front wheel may lift off the ground. Explain this behavior in terms of torques

A beetle sits near the rim of a turntable that is at rest, but is free to rotate about a vertical axis. What happens if the beetle begins to walk around the perimeter of the turntable? Does the beetle move relative to the ground? Consider the limits of a very massive turntable and a very light turntable.

Is the amount of energy required to get a spacecraft from the Earth to the Moon greater than, less than, or the same as the energy required to go from the Moon to the Earth? Explain.

A person rides on a Ferris wheel that rotates with constant angular speed. If the Sun is directly overhead, does the person's shadow on the ground undergo periodic motion? Does it undergo simple harmonic motion? Explain.

A "radar gun" is often used to measure the speed of a major league pitch by reflecting a beam of radio waves off a moving ball. Describe how the Doppler Effect can give the speed of the ball from a measurement of the frequency of the reflected beam

View Full Posting Details