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Lagrange of a simple pendulum

A pendulum consists of a mass m suspended by a massless spring with unextended length of b and spring constant k. Find Lagrange's equation of motion. Assume that the pendulum is constrained to swing in a single plane.


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Let the generalized coordinates be (r, θ).

Kinetic Energy T= 1/2 m ( )
Potential Energy V = 1/2 k (r-b)2 - mg ( r cos θ)

Lagrange, L = T - V = 1/2 m ( ) - 1/2 k (r-b)2 + mg ( r cos θ)

L = 1/2 m ( ) - 1/2 k (r-b)2 + mg ...

Solution Summary

Equation of motion for a simple pendulum was developed starting from the generalized coordinates. Two cases were discussed. First the case of a simple pendulum was analyzed. Then the case of a pendulum oscillating vertically was analyzed. Very detailed solution is provided in a 3-page word document. Please download this question/answer pair if you are interested in understanding how to solve classical mechanics problems using Lagrange method.