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Circular Motion

1. Centrifuges are commonly used in biological laboratories for the isolation and maintenance of cell preparations. For cell separation, assume centrifugation conditions that are 1.00 x 103 rpm using an 8.31-cm-radius rotor. What is the radial acceleration of material in the centrifuge under these conditions? Express your answer as a multiple of g. Do not enter unit.

2. At 1.00 x 103 rpm (and with a 8.31-cm rotor) what is the net force on a red blood cell whose mass is 9.12 x 10-14 kg?

3. What is the net force on a virus particle of mass 4.95 x 10-21 kg under the same conditions?

4. To pellet out virus particles and even to separate large molecules such as proteins, super-high-speed centrifuges called ultracentrifuges are used in which the rotor spins in a vacuum to reduce heating due to friction. What is the radial acceleration inside an ultracentrifuge at 75500 rpm with an 8.31-cm rotor? Express your answer as a multiple of g. Do not enter unit.

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This solution is comprised of detailed step-by-step calculations and analysis of the given problems related to Physics and provides students with a clear perspective of the underlying concepts.

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