I have planned the structure to include the following sections:
1) Basic concept/definition
5) Points of controversy
6) Latest developments
HOwever, I am strucked at the uses of the statistics-what should be included. Plus, I am getting confused between the two sections: limitations and points of controversy.
COuld you please read my outline attached, give me some advice and feel free to edit any points of my plan.
Thanks a lot for your help.© BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com December 24, 2021, 5:00 pm ad1c9bdddf
Please also see attached
<br>Police Crime Statistics
<br>The most widely used measures of crimes are based on police records and are commonly referred to as "Crimes known to police"
<br>There are 2 ways police come to know about crime:
<br>? Report (by whom? It can be the victim, the offender-prisoner, the system (e.g. prosecutors other) courts, etc)
<br>? Observation (discovery) eg. victimless crimes, traffic offences etc.
<br>There are additional ways through which police can find out about the occurrence of a crime. I would therefore say "The most important 2 ways..."
<br>"Crimes known to the police" provide a more complete measurement of crime than data that collected on arrest, conviction or sentencing, because the criminal justice system tends to filter out offenders and offences as they move through the system. (give the example of plea bargaining which resolves more than 95% of prosecuted cases without these having to go through the courts or the sentencing system)
<br>? Uniform Crime Reports (UCR)
<br>UCR is a data series that has been collected by FBI since 1930 and has been widely used by CJ researchers. It is a summary-based measure of crime.
<br>? National Incident Based Reporting System (NIBRS)
<br>The recent development in police-based measures is the effort by the FBI and the Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) to convert the UCR to a NIBRS. It is based on incident as units of analysis.
<br>? Notifiable offences in Criminal Statistics
<br>? ABS Recorded Crime
<br>I don't quite follow this section. Why have you chosen these particular statistic services? For example, in your UK analysis why did you not include the BCS (British Crime Surveys) that are considered the most important and accurate crime statistics in the country?)
<br>? Comprehensive approach
<br>Cover all offences: victimless crimes, crimes against organisations
<br>Cover all victims regardless of age (this can be considered a limitation. Imagine a rape victim who has to give details about what happened to her/him just for statistic purposes. Some would call it "re-victimisation".
<br>Cover all locations and time period
<br>? Legal definitions used
<br> The definition used is in line with the criminal codes. (why is this important?)