I am writing an essay on implimenting a fat tax based on BMI levels. i need help with discussing whether it would be equitable and efficient to price descriminate based on BMI (charge higher prices to indivituals with higher BMIs) in this i need to discuss adverse selection, the economics of health insurance, and specific connections to price descrimintion)..any help in detailing this out would be much apprciated. this is my last section before the conclusion and i think i have hit a block...© BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com March 4, 2021, 6:13 pm ad1c9bdddf
BMI PROBLEMS BEGIN WITH CHILDREN AND TO DISCRIMINATE AGAINST CHILDREN WITH A GENUINE PROBLEM IS HIGHLY UNETHICAL
Health risks usually associated with middle-age spread can be seen in obese children as young as age 4, and new research suggests these problems occur with more frequency and severity depending on the degree of obesity.
According to a study in this week's New England Journal of Medicine, components associated with metabolic syndrome -- a cluster of risk factors that raise heart disease and diabetes risks -- steadily increase with the more weight obese kids carry.
What this means is that obese children, some not yet attending elementary school, are already displaying warning signs of chronic diseases that in past generations took years to develop.
Metabolic syndrome affects nearly one in four American adults, greatly raising their risk of diabetes, heart disease, and stroke. Generally, adults with metabolic syndrome have at least three of the following traits:
· Waist more than 40 inches around in men or 35 inches in women
· Triglyceride (a fat associated with poor blood sugar control) levels in the blood of 150 or greater
· HDL levels, or "good" cholesterol, less than 40 in men or less than 50 in women
· Blood pressure of 130/85 or higher
· Fasting blood sugar of 100 or higher
WE SHOULD NOT TAX CHILDREN WHO ARE SUFFERING FROM A HEALTH PROBLEM
Health Risks Before Elementary School
Caprio and her colleagues tracked 20 normal-weight children, 31 overweight children, and 439 obese children between the ages of 4 and 20.
Across the board, the heavier the children were, the more likely they were to have high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and insulin resistance, a factor that often leads to type 2 diabetes. Researchers found lower levels of "good" HDL cholesterol and higher blood markers of inflammation associated with heart disease in the heaviest children.
"We saw these problems in children as young as ages 4 to 6, and found that about one in three developed significant health risks very quickly -- especially high blood pressure," she says. "We will now investigate how we can reverse these problems with weight loss and other factors."
Interestingly, despite previous research that suggests metabolic syndrome occurs more frequently in minorities, especially Hispanics, the study shows obese white children had slightly higher rates of metabolic syndrome.
"We found no differences depending on ethnicity," she says. "Being obese is dangerous for children and adults, no matter who you are."
THE PARENTS OF KIDS WHO ARE HAVING HIGH BMI HAVE TO INCUR OTHER COSTS SO THEY SHOULD NOT BE BURDENED FURTHER.
Help Kids Slim Down Before Puberty
These findings stress the need for treating childhood obesity as early as possible -- ideally, before children reach puberty.
"Work that we've funded has shown that it's easier to treat obese children than to treat adults," says Gilman Grave, MD, chief of the Endocrinology, Nutrition and Growth branch of the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, an agency of the NIH.
"Pre-pubertal treatment of obesity lasts longest in terms of keeping weight off, so it would be behoove parents of obese children to try to do something before rather than after they reach puberty.
"It's very surprising how there is a dose-response effect, really," he says. "For each step increase in body weight and obesity, you get an increase in all of the cardiovascular risk factors.
"The take-home message of this study is that we've known about the epidemic of obesity in children, and we've known about the epidemic of diabetes in adolescents, but here we are able to predict a third wave of cardiovascular disease."
Price discrimination is
The act of selling the same quantity of the same product to different buyers at different prices. Charging different prices to different customers for similar goods. The selling of a good or service at different prices to different buyers or classes of buyers in the absence of any ...