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# in-season effect on term GPA

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The following equation was estimated for the fall and second semester students:
(See attached)

Here, trmgpa is term GPA, crsgpa is a weighted average of overall GPA in courses taken, cumgpa is GPA prior to current semester, tothrs is total credit hours prior to the semester, sat is SAT score, hsperc is graduating percentile in high school class, female is a gender dummy, and season is a dummy variable equal to unity if the student's sport is in season during the fall. The usual and heteroskedasticity-robust standard errors are reported in parentheses and brackets, respectively.

(i) Do the variables crsgpa, cumgpa and tothrs have the expected estimated effects? Which of these variables are statistically significant at the 5% level? Does it matter which standard errors are used?

(ii) Why does the hypothesis make sense? Test this hypothesis against the two-sided alternative at the 5% level, using both standard errors. Describe your conclusions.

(iii) Test whether there is an in-season effect on term GPA, using both standard errors. Does the significance level at which the null can be rejected depend on the standard error used?

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#### Solution Preview

Please see the attached file.

In regression we assume homoskedasticity. However, this assumption is violated in many empirical studies. ...

#### Solution Summary

Assess in-season effect on term GPA.

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