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# Present value

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30. Which one of the following statements concerning net present value (NPV) is correct?
A. An investment should be accepted if, and only if, the NPV is exactly equal to zero.
B. An investment should be accepted only if the NPV is equal to the initial cash flow.
C. An investment should be accepted if the NPV is positive and rejected if it is negative.
D. An investment with greater cash inflows than cash outflows, regardless of when the cash flows occur, will always have a positive NPV and therefore should always be accepted.
E. Any project that has positive cash flows for every time period after the initial investment should be accepted.

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C. An investment should be accepted if the NPV is positive and rejected ...

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Present value is attained.

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## Discounting Methods: The concept of discounting should be used in order to keep track of real costs for the purpose of planning. Calculate the present value of the estimated benefit stream at all three discount rates. Explain the effect of higher and lower discount rates.

Hopeful House, a nonprofit orgnanization serving the Big City community, is considering building a playground. It needs to rationally convince the Community Chest that its project is worthy of a special grant by calculating the present value of future benefits. The financial manager estimates future benefits of the playground at \$10,000 that will be realized at the end of a four year period. Further, he recommends using a discount rate of 9%. His executive director thinks that his discount rate is too high and she recommends using 8%. The Community Chest associate, however, insists both rates are too low and wants them to use 10%. Calculate the present value of the estimated benefit stream at all three discount rates. Explain the effect of higher and lower discount rates.

Hint: Please see attached file

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