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# compare the economic incidence of tax with its legal incidence

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Suppose that demand for oranges is given by the following equations:
Q= -400 P+2,000
With quanity (Q) measured in oranges per day and price (P) measured in dollars per Orange. The supply curve is given by:

Q = 1200 P

A. Compute and present graphically the equilibrium price and quantity of oranges.
B. Suppose that an excise tax of 25 cents per piece is imposed on oranges. What are the
new supply and demand curves? What is the new equilibrium price and quantity of
oranges? What is the new post-tax rice from the supplier's point of view?
D. Repeat the exercise for 25 cents sales tax instead of excise tax.
E. Explain in writing what happened when you compare the economic incidence of tax with its legal incidence.

https://brainmass.com/economics/general-equilibrium/compare-economic-incidence-tax-with-its-legal-incidence-145910

#### Solution Preview

Suppose that demand for oranges is given by the following equations:
Q = -400P + 2,000, with quantity (Q) measured in oranges per day and price (P) measured in dollars per Orange. The supply curve is given by: Q = 1200P

A. Compute and present graphically the equilibrium price and quantity of oranges.
The equilibrium point is obtained where:
-400P + 2,000 = 1200P
Or 1200P + 400P = 2000
Or 1600P = 2000 \$1.25
At P* = \$1.25, Q* = 1200*1.25 = 1500
Therefore, the equilibrium price is \$1.25 per orange and the equilibrium quantity is 1500 ...

#### Solution Summary

This post compares the economic incidence of tax with its legal incidence.

\$2.49