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Multiple Choice questions in Finance

Capital
1. Capital can be defined as the funds supplied by investors.

a. True
b. False

IRR
2. The internal rate of return is that discount rate which equates the present value of the cash outflows (or costs) with the present value of the cash inflows.

a. True
b. False

Relevant cash flows
3. When calculating the cash flows for a project, you should include interest payments.

a. True
b. False

Financial risk
4. Financial risk refers to the extra risk stockholders bear as a result of the use of debt as compared with the risk they would bear if no debt were used.

a. True
b. False

Dividend irrelevance
5. MM's dividend irrelevance theory says that dividend policy does not affect a firm's value but can affect its cost of capital.

a. True
b. False

Sale of new stock

6. When new common stock is offered for sale to the public through investment bankers, the investment bankers may provide potential investors with informa┬Čtion contained in a statement called the

a. Indenture.
b. Trust agreement.
c. "Red herring" prospectus.
d. Proxy.
e. Security agreement.

Preferred stock
7. Which of the following statements concerning preferred stock is most correct?

a. Preferred stock generally has a higher component cost to the firm than does common stock.
b. By law in most states, all preferred stock issues must be cumulative, meaning that the cumulative, compounded total of all unpaid preferred dividends must be paid before dividends can be paid on the firm's common stock.
c. From the issuer's point of view, preferred stock is less risky than bonds.
d. Preferred stock, because of the current tax treatment of dividends, is bought mostly by individuals in high tax brackets.

Cash management
8. Which of the following statements is most correct?

a. A good cash management system would minimize disbursement float and maximize collections float.
b. If a firm begins to use a well-designed lockbox system, this will reduce its customers' net float.
c. In the early 1980's, the prime interest rate hit a high of 21 percent. In 1995 the prime rate was considerably lower. That sharp interest rate decline has increased firms' concerns about the efficiency of their cash management programs.
d. If a firm can get its customers to permit it to pay by wire transfers rather than having to write checks, this will increase its net float and thus reduce its required cash balances.
e. A firm which has such an efficient cash management system that it has positive net float can have a negative checkbook balance at most times and still not have its checks bounce.

Risk management
9. Which of the following are not ways in which risk management can increase the value of a company?

a. Risk management can increase debt capacity.
b. Risk management can help a firm maintain its optimal capital budget.
c. Risk management can reduce the expected costs of financial distress.
d. Risk management can help firms minimize taxes.
e. Risk management can allow managers to maximize their bonuses

Bankruptcy law

10. Which of the following statements is most correct?

a. Our bankruptcy laws were enacted in the 1800s, revised in the 1930s, and have remained unaltered since that time.
b. Federal bankruptcy law deals only with corporate bankruptcies. Municipal and personal bankruptcy are governed solely by state laws.
c. All bankruptcy petitions are filed by creditors seeking to protect their claims on firms in financial distress. Thus, all bankruptcy petitions are involuntary as viewed from the perspective of the firm's management.
d. Chapters 11 and 7 are the most important bankruptcy chapters for financial management purposes. If a reorganization plan cannot be worked out under Chapter 11, then the company will be liquidated as prescribed in Chapter 7 of the Act.
e. "Restructuring" a firm's debt can involve forgiving a certain portion of the debt
but does not involve changing the debt's maturity or its contractual interest rate.

Solution Preview

Capital
1. Capital can be defined as the funds supplied by investors.

a. True
b. False

Answer: a. True

IRR
2. The internal rate of return is that discount rate which equates the present value of the cash outflows (or costs) with the present value of the cash inflows.

a. True
b. False

Answer: a. True

The IRR is the discount rate which when used to discount the cash flows results in a NPV of 0.
NPV = Present value of cash inflows - Present value of cash outflows.
When we calculate the NPV using discount rate = IRR we get
NPV = Present value of cash inflows - Present value of cash outflows = 0
Or rearranging the terms
Present value of cash inflows = Present value of cash outflows

Relevant cash flows
3. When calculating the cash flows for a project, you should include interest payments.

a. True
b. False

Answer: b. False
When doing capital budgeting we take into account the operating cash flow and do not take into financing cash flow. Interest is not operating cash flow.

Financial risk
4. Financial risk refers to the extra risk stockholders bear as a result of the use of debt as compared with the risk they would bear if no debt were used.

a. True
b. False

Answer: a. True

Financial leverage is the use of fixed financing costs by the firm to increase EPS. Financial risk is the variability or uncertainty of a firm's earnings per share (EPS) and the increased probability of insolvency that arises when a firm uses financial leverage. Financial leverage is the use of fixed-cost sources of financing (debt, preferred stock) rather than variable-cost sources (common stock). Financial risk is the additional risk concentrated on common stockholders as a result of financial leverage.

Dividend irrelevance
5. MM's dividend irrelevance theory says that dividend policy does not affect a firm's value but can affect its cost of capital.

a. True
b. False

Answer: b. False

The first part of the statement is correct but the second part is wrong.
Merton Miller and Franco Modigliani (MM) developed a theory that shows that in perfect financial markets (certainty, no taxes, no transactions costs or other market imperfections), the value of a firm is ...

Solution Summary

Answers to True/False, Multiple Choice questions on Capital, IRR, Relevant cash flows, Financial risk, Dividend irrelevance, Sale of new stock, Preferred stock, Cash Management, Risk Management, Bankruptcy law

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