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Consumption of two goods and related taxes

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The following figure shows that a tax on clothing can reduce the price of food. Suppose that after the tax on clothing consumption is imposed, another tax is levied on the consumption of food. For example, the consumption of both commodities would be subject to a tax of five percent. Describe the conclusions of your analysis assuming the same tax is present in both the clothing and the food markets. Further assume that the tax revenue is returned in equal lump-sum transfers to all citizens.

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This problem, I'm guessing, assumes a two-good world (food and clothing) where changes to taxation affect one, the other, or both. In theory, two countervailing taxes should be offsetting, especially if (as shown in the diagrams) the elasticity of the demand and supply are exactly the same for both goods.

Of course, this is a common fallacy ...

Solution Summary

This solution looks at the effects of counter-vailing taxes, and how they can impact consumption.

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Two multiple choice questions related to pure public goods and tax sharing arrangements.

1. The nonrival property of pure public goods implies that the, a) benefits enjoyed by existing consumers decline as more consumers enjoy a given quantity of the good; b) benefits enjoyed by existing consumers are unaffected as more consumers enjoy a given quantity of the good; c) good cannot be priced; d) marginal cost of producing the good is zero.

2. A community currently hires 10 security guards per week to patrol their neighborhood. Each security guard costs $300 per week. Assuming that the tax sharing arrangement agreed to results in each of 300 voters paying the same tax share, each voter pays a weekly tax bill of: a) $1; b) $3; c) $10; d) $30

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