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Fed policies and the tax multiplier

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1 .Any point to the left and below the IS-curve means that :

there is excess demand for goods and services in the expenditure sector
there is excess supply of goods and services in the expenditure sector
the expenditure sector is in equilibrium but the money sector is not
there is excess demand in the money sector
there is excess supply of money in the money sector

2. Assume that the price level is flexible both upward and downward and that the Fed's policy is to keep the price level from either rising or falling. If aggregate supply increases in the economy, the Fed:

will have to increase interest rates to keep the price level from falling.
will have to reduce the money supply to keep the price level from rising.
will have to increase the money supply to keep the price level from falling.
can keep the price level stable without altering the money supply or interest rate.

3. Suppose that the economy starts at equilibrium and the mpc = 0.8. What would be the effect of a $500 increase in taxes once all the rounds of the multiplier process are complete?

An increase of $500 in taxes causes equilibrium output to decrease by 1000.
An increase of $500 in taxes causes equilibrium output to decrease by 2000.
An increase of $500 in taxes causes equilibrium output to increase by 2000.
An increase of $500 in taxes causes equilibrium output to decrease by 400.
An increase of $500 in taxes causes equilibrium output to increase by 400.

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Solution Preview

1 .Any point to the left and below the IS-curve means that :

there is excess demand for goods and services in the expenditure sector

Since the IS curve represents equilibrium in the market for goods, points below the IS curve represent situations in which there is excess ...

Solution Summary

Tax multiplier, Fed policy, and points below the IS curve.

$2.19
See Also This Related BrainMass Solution

Aggregate Expenditures, Aggregate Supply and Aggregate Demand Questions

1. 20 points. Use an aggregate demand (AD) and aggregate supply (AS) model (short run model) to analyze this problem. Do not use a different model. Use AD & AS.
NOTE: this may be fastest with a hand-drawn graph. One option is to draw and scan, while another option is to draw, take a photo and insert the photo to your document. Feel free to use other approaches too.

A. Represent an initial equilibrium price and output level with the economy operating at or near full capacity (Hint: think about the shape of the AS curve and what this means for where AD crosses along the AS curve).
Label the following: each axis, the AD curve, the AS curve, the equilibrium output level and the equilibrium price level.

B. Suppose there is a tax cut, holding constant government purchases and all other factors affecting the AD curve. Illustrate the short run effects on output and the price level and LABEL them.

C. Give a 2 -4 sentence explanation and include why the initial state of the economy matters in your explanation.

2. 15 points. Suppose, ceteris paribus, government purchases decreased by $4 billion, investment spending increased by $40 billion.

A. EXPLAIN (no calculation yet). Would total output increase or decrease? What is the multiplier effect and how does it influence the answer to the question.
B. SOLVE. If 70% of a change in income is spent on new goods and services, what is the anticipated change in total output? Use the formula for the multiplier effect to calculate the change in total output.

3. 10 points. Evaluate the following as true or false and explain:
A five percent sales tax on food is an example of a flat tax.

4. 10 points. How does the article "Meltdown Averted, Bernanke Struggled to Stoke Growth- Fed Chairman Fails to Engineer Robust Recovery, Even with Extraordinary Measures"" illustrate the Federal Reserve's dual mandate, monetary policy, and monetary policy tools? Use your notes and book to describe the purpose of the Fed and the article for examples.

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