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Need to understand the reason behind each questions. Please explain.

1. Corporate level decisions are typically made by which of the following
a. Low-level employees
b. The CEO and/or board of directs
c. Functional managers
d. Department heads

2. The higher the entry barriers, the more intense the competition in an industry
a. True
b. False

3. Which of the following may lead a firm to conclude that an industry is attractive to enter?
a. Strong Supplier power
b. Strong customer power
c. No close substitutes
d. Many strong competitors

4. In examining the metal can industry, plastic bottles would be considered which of the following?
a. Suppliers
b. Customer
c. Substitutes
d. Plastic bottles have no bearing on the metal can industry

5. Which of the following is not one of Michael Porter's five forces?
a. Substitutes
b. Complements
c. Existing competitors
d. Potential competitors
e. Supplies

6. Industries may be defined as a group of organizations that compete directly with each other to win orders and sales in the marketplace.
a. True
b. False

7. A mission statement often contains a statement of vision.
a. True
b. False

8. In the breakfast cereal industry, companies such as Kellogg, Quaker Oats, and General Mills sell their cereals to grocery chains, discount stores, and independent grocers. Chain retailers, such as Wal-Mart, Kroger, Safeway, Costco, and Albertson's, purchase the majority of breakfast Cereal. Of there, Wal-Mart accounts for more than 10 percent of cereal sales in the United States. What does this say about the cereal industry?
a. Supplier power is strong in this industry
b. Buyer power is low in this industry
c. Supplier power is low in this industry
d. Buyer power is strong in this industry

9. One important responsibility of the board of directors is to monitor and prevent the potential for agency problems.
a. True
b. False

10. The bowling equipment industry is dominated by two competitors, Brunswick and AMF. What kind of industry structure does this represent?
a. Monopoly
b. Oligopoly
c. Perfect Competition
d. Emerging

11. External stakeholders are groups or individual outside the organization that are significantly influenced by the organization or who have a major impact on the organization.
a. True
b. False

12. The VCR industry is in what stage of its life cycle?
a. Emerging
b. Growing
c. Maturing
d. Declining

13. What of the following is not a major component of social responsibility?
a. Economic responsibility
b. Legal responsibility
c. Political obligations
d. Moral obligations
e. Discretionary responsibility

14. Which of the following is an example of a barrier entry?
a. High fixed costs
b. Brand loyalty
c. Switching costs
d. All of the above

15. Suppliers tend to exhibit greater power if which of the following is true?
a. There are few suppliers of the raw material, product, or service
b. There are many substitute for the product or service that supplies sell
c. Suppliers are small businesses with regards to total sales volume
d. The suppliers' products are undifferentiated and plentiful.

16. Which of the following is not a component of the vertical chain?
a. Supplies
b. Distributions
c. Consumers
d. Substitutes

17. The can-making industry serves three major markets, beverages, food, and general packaging. The beverage industry is the largest market for metal cans, suing more than 100 billion can annually. Of this total, about two thirds are used for nonalcoholic beverages, especially beer. What does this tell you about the can-making industry?
a. Supplier power is strong in this industry
b. Buyer power is low in this industry
c. Supplier power is low in this industry
d. Buyer power is strong in this industry

18. It is important that a firm's strategy fits with its corporate culture.
a. True
b. False

19. Which of the following is the first step in developing a strategic plan?
a. Monitoring day-to-day activities
b. Developing a mission statement
c. Implementation and control
d. Executing the strategy

20. Strategic management includes a process by which organizations analyze and external environments
a. True
b. False

21. The lawn mowing industry is an example of which of the following?
a. Monopoly
b. Oligopoly
c. Perfect competition
d. Substitute

22. The influence of potential competitors on industry competition is determined primarily by which of the following?
a. Buyer power
b. Supplier power
c. Strength of entry barriers
d. Strength of exit barriers
e. Threat of substitutes

23. What is Southwest Airline's relationship to American Airlines?
a. Potential competitor
b. Existing competitor
c. Substitute
d. Indirect competitor

24. If an industry's products are standard and undifferentiated, which of the following results?
a. The industry will have many competitors
b. The industry will have low profits
c. All of the above
d. None of the above

25. The cellular telephone industry is in what state of its lifecycle?
a. Emerging
b. Growing
c. Maturing
d. Declining

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Amino acids multiple choice questions

Which statement is incorrect about the classification of amino acids?
a. Alanine and valine are neutral, nonpolar amino acids.
b. Lysine and arginine are basic amino acids.
c. Tryptophan and phenylalanine are aromatic amino acids.
d. Aspartic acid and aspargine are acidic amino acids.

Which of the following amino acids is the least water soluble at pH 7.0?
a. Tryptophan
b. Glutamic acid
c. Cysteine
d. Histidine

Which amino acid would migrate the furthest toward the anode (positive electrode) during paper electrophoresis at pH 7.0?
a. Aspartic acid
b. Alanine
c. Lysin
d. Glutamine

Which of the following functional groups, attached to an inert matrix, could function as a cation exchanger?
a. Diethylaminoethyl-
b. p-aminobenzyl-
c. Carboxymethyl-
d. Trimethylammonium-

Which of the following amino acids would make the best buffer at pH 4.5?
a. Histidine
b. Alanine
c. Glutamine
d. Aspartic acid

Which fact is incorrect about stereoisomers?
a. A diastereomer is a nonsuperimposable non-mirror image.
b. An enantiomer is a nonsuperimposible mirror image.
c. Diastereomers have different melting points.
d. Diastereomers rotate plane polarized light in equal but opposite direction.

Which statement is incorrect about L-isoleucine?
a. Its enantiomer is named O-isoleucine.
b. It contains a total of two asymmetric or chiral carbons.
c. It can also be named as (28, 38)-isoleucine using the (R,8) system.
d. Its diastereomer would be named O-alloisoleucine.

An isoelectric amino acid was dissolved in water and the resulting pH was approximately 7.6. What amino acid would possess this property?
a. Alanine
b. Glutamic acid
c. Histidine
d. Lysine

What volume of NaOH is required to adjust the solution of monosodium aspartate to pH 9.8?
a. 1 ml
b. 2 ml
c. 3 ml
d. 6 ml or more

What volume of 2 N Hel is required to completely titrate the 4 mmol of monosodium aspartate?
a. 2 ml
b. 3ml
c. Aml
d. 6 ml or more

Which statement is correct about the peptide ala-ser?
a. Alanine is at the N-terminal of the peptide.
b. There are a total six atoms that lie in the plane of the peptide bond linking alanine to serine.
c. The alpha-carbon of alanine is sp3 hybridized d All the above are correct statements.

What is the product formed from the acid hydrolysis of a simple amide?
a. Acid & base
b. Aldehyde & alcohol
c. Acid & amine
d. Ester & alcohol

The complete acid hydrolysis of the peptide ala-gln-trp-ser would yield:
a. Ala, gin, trp, ser
b. Ala, glu, ser
c. Ala, glu, trp, ser
d. Ala. ser

Fibrous proteins, such as collagen, have which of the following properties?
a. Highly soluble in water
b. Their hydrophilic residues are directed into the interior of the protein
c. Exhibit enzymatic activity
d. Serve structural roles in the cell

Quaternary structure is associated with:
a. The overall shape of a polypeptide chain
b. The sum of the secondary and tertiary interactions
c. Simple proteins with only one subunit
d. The relative orientation of one polypeptide to another polypeptide in a multi-subunit protein.

The information needed to define the structure of a protein is essentially contained in:
a. Amino acid composition
b. Amino acid sequence
c. Secondary structure
d. Tertiary structure.

Insulin is a polypeptide hormone that contains two short polypeptide chains linked by two interstrand disulfide bonds. The most logical order of events to perform in order to sequence this protein would be:
A: The peptides are reduced with mercaptoethanol.
B: The peptides are sequenced using Edman chemistry .
C: The peptides are separated by chromatography techniques. 0: The peptides are alkylated with iodoacetamide.
a. A, D,C, B b.C,A, 0, B
c. C, B, A, 0
d. A, B, C, 0

Which statement is incorrect about the peptide val-asp-trp-asn-ser?
a. This peptide would show a strong absorption band at 280 nm.
b. Reaction with chymotrypsin would yield two peptides.
c. To synthesize this peptide using the solid phase method of Merrifield, the amino acid directly attached to the resin would be serine.
d. After the second round of Edman chemistry using the reagent PITC, the PTH -amino acid residue released would be PTH-asn.

Which statement is incorrect about the reaction of the peptide ser-Iys-asp-trp-cys-metasn-phe-ala with the following reagents?
a. Reaction with cyanogens bromide would yield two peptides.
b. Reaction with trypsin would result in three peptides. The smallest of three peptides would have the highest pi of the three.
c. Reaciton with chymotrypsin would result in the peptides ser-Iys-asp & try-cys-met-Iysasn-phe-ala .
d. Reaction with chymotrypsin would yield a different set of peptides that overlap those obtained with tryspsin

Determine the amino acid sequence of the following oligopeptide from the experimental data below:
The amino acid composition is found the be ala, Iys, phe, met, cys plus some
decompsition products.
2. The peptide has a molecular weight around 700 Da and absorbs at 280 nm.
3. Treatment with carboxypeptidase results in tryptophan and a peptide.
4. CNBr treatment yields a tetrapeptide and a dipeptide.
5. Trypsine digestion produces an amino acid and a pentapeptide with met on the amino end.
6. Chymotrypsin digestion yields a dipeptide and a tetrapeptide.
a. trp-Iys-met-cys-met-ala
b. Iys-met-cys-phe-ala-trp
c. trp-ala-phe-cys-met-Iys
d. Iys-ala-cys-phe-met -trp

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