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Bond Indebtedness, Troubled Debt, Impairment and Concession

# 1
Why would a company want to reduce its bond indebtedness before its bonds reach maturity? Indicate how this can be done and the correct accounting treatment for such a transaction.

# 2
a. In a troubled debt situation, why might the creditor grant concessions to the debtor?
b. What type of concessions might a creditor grant the debtor in a troubled debt situation?
c. What is meant by "impairment" of a loan? Under what circumstances should a creditor or debtor recognize an impaired loan?

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Question # 1.

Why would a company want to reduce its bond indebtedness before its bonds reach maturity? Indicate how this can be done and the correct accounting treatment for such a transaction.

A company may want to reduce its bond indebtedness before the bonds reach maturity because maturity dates on bonds of all kinds may be very long. Based on this fact, a company may consider an alternative investment that would generate the same cash flow as a bond over a shorter period of time or one that would exceed the value of a matured bond, in turn increasing its cash flow.

There are several ways a company can retire bonds before they reach maturity:

? By issuing callable bonds that may be called in and paid off at a price stipulated in the contract, ...

Solution Summary

Explinations and reasons why companies reduce bond indebtedness before its maturity, ways a company can retire bonds, why might the creditor grant concessions to the debtor all of importance in providing creditor and debtor latitude.

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