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    1. On January 1, 2006, Lani Company entered into a noncancelable lease for a machine to be used in its manufacturing operations. The lease transfers ownership of the machine to Lani by the end of the lease term. The term of the lease is eight years. The minimum lease payment made by Lani on January 1, 2006, was one of eight equal annual payments. At the inception of the lease, the criteria established for classification as a capital lease by the lessee were met.
    Required:
    a. What is the theoretical basis for the accounting standard that requires
    certain long-term leases to be capitalized by the lessee? Do not discuss
    the specific criteria for classifying a specific lease as a capital lease.
    b. How should Lani account for this lease at its inception and determine the amount to be recorded?
    c. What expenses related to this lease will Lani incur during the first year of the lease, and how will they be determined?
    d. How should Lani report the lease transaction on its December 31,
    2006, balance sheet?

    2. Lease Classifications
    Doherty Company leased equipment from Lambert Company. The classification
    of the lease makes a difference in the amounts reflected on the balance
    sheet and income statement of both Doherty and Lambert.
    Required:
    a. What criteria must be met by the lease in order that Doherty Company classify it as a capital lease?
    b. What criteria must be met by the lease meet in order that Lambert Company classify it as a sales-type or direct financing lease?
    c. Contrast a sales-type lease with a direct financing lease.

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    LEARING SOMETHING NEW IN GENERAL

    1. On January 1, 2006, Lani Company entered into a non cancelable lease for a machine to be used in its manufacturing operations. The lease transfers ownership of the machine to Lani by the end of the lease term. The term of the lease is eight years. The minimum lease payment made by Lani on January 1, 2006, was one of eight equal annual payments. At the inception of the lease, the criteria established for classification as a capital lease by the lessee were met.
    Required:
    a. What is the theoretical basis for the accounting standard that requires certain long-term leases to be capitalized by the lessee? Do not discuss the specific criteria for classifying a specific lease as a capital lease.
    The theoretical basis for the accounting standard that requires certain long-term leases to be capitalized by the lessee is that in such cases the lessee acquires essentially all the economic benefits and risks of the leased property. In other words the transaction is substantially a sale type transaction. In other words the leasing has only been used as a marketing tool by the 'seller'.
    b. How should Lani account for this lease at its inception and determine the amount to be recorded?
    First, Lani should find the fair market value of the machine and he must record the asset at the fair market value. Next, he must calculate the interest rate at which the present value of the lease becomes equal to the fair market value. On the basis of this interest rate he must calculate the current obligation of the first installment that is to ...

    Solution Summary

    Noncancelable lease is discussed very comprehensively in this explanation.

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