C1. (Cost of borrowing) A firm issues a 10-year debt obligation that bears a 12% coupon rate and gives the investor the right to put the bond back to the issuer at the end of the fifth year at 103% of its face amount. The issue has no sinking fund. Interest is paid semiannually. The issuer's tax rate is 34%.
a. Calculate the after-tax cost of debt, assuming the debt remains outstanding until maturity.
b. Calculate the after-tax cost of debt, assuming investors put the bond back to the firm at the end of the fifth year. (Note: Any unamortized issuance expenses and any redemption premium can be deducted for tax purposes in the year of redemption).
a .The after tax cost of debt = Coupon rate * (1 - tax rate)
= 12% * (1 - ...
The solution calculate the after-tax cost of debt.