The Taylor Corporation is using a machine that originally cost $88,000. The machine is being depreciated by the straight-line method over 8 years ($11,000 per year) and has 4 years of depreciation remaining. The machine has a book value of $66,000 and a current market value of $40,000.
Jacqueline Elliott, the Chief Financial Officer of Taylor, is considering replacing this machine with a newer model costing $75,000. The new machine will save $7,000 in after-tax earnings each year for the next six years. The new machine is in the 5-year MACRS category. Taylor Corporation is in the 34% tax bracket and has a 10 percent cost of capital.
a) Calculate the cash inflows from the sale of the old machine.
b) Calculate the net cost of the new machine.
c) Calculate the incremental depreciation on the new versus the old machine.
d) Determine the net present value of the new machine. Should they purchase the new machine?
The solution is in excel format using cell references. The solution includes calculations for cash inflows from the sale of an old machine, net cost of the new machine, incremental depreciation on the new versus the old machine, net present value of the new machine.