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Multiple Choice

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1 of 25
Brennan's Company experienced an accounting event that was recorded in the company's general journal as indicated below:

Which of the following choices accurately reflects how this event would affect Brennan's financial statements.

2 of 25
Before writing-off the uncollectible account of N. Rahn, Megan Co. had current assets of $150,000 and current liabilities of $100,000. After the company writes-off N. Rahn's account receivable of $5,000, what will be its current ratio? Megan Co. uses the allowance method to account for bad debts.
1.58
1.55
1.50
1.45

3 of 25
On January 1, 2005, Lawrence Company purchased an asset that cost $10,000. The asset had an expected useful life of five years and an estimated salvage value of $2,000. Lawrence uses the straight-line method for the recognition of depreciation expense. At the beginning of the fourth year of usage, the company revised its estimated salvage value to $1,000.
Based on this information, the amount of depreciation expense to be recognized at the end of 2008 is:
$4,200.
$2,100.
$1,600.
$1,000.

4 of 25
On January 1, 2008 the Dakota Company borrowed $162,000 cash from the First Trust Bank by issuing a five-year 8 % term note. The principal and interest are repaid by making annual payments beginning on December 31, 2008. The annual payment on the loan based on the present value of annuity factor would be $40,575.

How does the amortization of the principal balance on an installment note payable affect the amount of interest expense recorded each succeeding year?
Has no effect on interest expense each year
Increase the amount of interest expense each year
Reduces the amount of interest expense each year
Either A or C, depending on market conditions

5 of 25
On January 1, 2009, Potter Corporation issued $2,500 in 8%, 5-year bonds payable at 102. Interest payments are due each December 31. Potter uses the straight-line method of amortization.

Which of the following shows the effect of the interest payment and amortization on 12/31/09?

6 of 25
Warren Company issued bonds with a face value of $800,000, a 12% stated rate of interest, and a 10-year term. The bonds were issued on January 1, 2008. Interest is paid annually on December 31.

Assuming Warren issued the bonds for 105, the carrying value of the bonds on the 12/31/08 balance sheet would be:
$844,000.
$836,000.
$840,000.
$800,000.

7 of 25
Johnson Company issued bonds with a $100,000 face value on January 1, 2008. The five-year term bonds were issued at 98 and had a 7% stated rate of interest that is payable in cash on December 31st of each year. Based on this information:

The amount of interest expense shown on Johnson's December 31, 2008 income statement would be:
$6,600.
$7,000.
$7,200.
$7,400.

8 of 25
The primary reason for a business to allow customers to purchase goods or services on account is to:
decrease the marketability of the company's inventory.
increase cash flow from financing.
decrease cost of goods sold.
increase sales.

9 of 25
March Company issued at 97 bonds with a face value of $500,000. As a result of the issue:
Assets and liabilities would both increase by $500,000.
Assets would increase by $485,000 and liabilities would increase by $500,000.
Assets and liabilities would both increase by $485,000.
Assets would increase by $500,000, and liabilities would increase by $485,000.

10 of 25
Hall Company uses the allowance method to account for bad debts. An account that had been previously written-off as uncollectible was recovered. How would the recovery affect the company's accounting equation?
Increase assets and increase equity.
Increase assets and decrease liabilities.
Reduce liabilities and increase equity.
Have no effect on assets, liabilities or equity.

11 of 25
George Company purchased oil rights on July 1, 2008 for $1,200,000. If 200,000 barrels of oil are expected to be extracted over the assets life, and 30,000 barrels are extracted and sold in 2008, the recognition of depletion expense on December 31, 2008 would cause:
a reduction in equity of $100,000.
a reduction in assets of $150,000.
a reduction in assets of $180,000.
an increase in equity of $200,000.

12 of 25
On January 1, 2007, Accounts Receivable and the Allowance for Doubtful Accounts carried balances of $30,000 and $500, respectively. During the year the company reported $70,000 of credit sales. There was $550 of receivables written-off as uncollectible in 2007. Cash collections of receivables amounted to $74,550. The company estimates that it will be unable to collect one percent (1%) of credit sales.
The net realizable value of receivables appearing on the 2007 balance sheet will amount to:
$24,900.
$24,250.
$24,350.
$24,300.

13 of 25
In December 2008, Lucky Corporation sold merchandise for $5000 cash. Lucky estimated that $350 of warranty claims might be filed in regard to these sales. On February 12, 2009, warranty work amounting to $275 was performed for one of the customers ($215 labor paid in cash and $60 from the materials inventory).
Which of the following answers correctly shows the effect of the recognition of the warranty obligation at the end of 2008 on the financial statements of Lucky?

14 of 25
When do the effects of product warranties appear on the statement of cash flow?
When there is a settlement of a warranty claim made by a customer.
When the warranty obligation is recognized.
When the sale of merchandise is made.
None of these.

15 of 25
Curtis Company issued bonds with a $500,000 face value and a 6% stated rate of interest on January 1, 2008. The bonds carried a 5-year term and sold for 95. Interest is payable on December 31 of each year.

The carrying value of the bond liability (i.e., face value plus or minus the premium or discount) on the December 31, 2010 balance sheet was:
$490,000.
$485,000.
$495,000.
$482,000.

16 of 25
Assuming Warren issued the bond for 105, the amount of interest expense appearing on the 2008 income statement would be:
$100,000.
$96,000.
$92,000.
$40,000.

17 of 25
Baker Co. had sales of $300,000 in 2009. The company expects to incur warranty expenses amounting to 3% of sales. There were $6,000 of warranty obligations paid in cash during 2009. Based on this information:
Warranty expenses would decrease net earnings by $9,000 in 2009.
Assets would decrease by $6,000 as a result of the accounting events associated with warranties in 2009.
Total warranty obligations would increase by $3,000 in 2009.
All of these.

18 of 25
For 2008, The Ouellette Company records depreciation expense of $12,000 on its income statement and $9,000 of MACRS depreciation on its tax return. Which of the following answers is correct regarding the difference between the two figures?
Net income is understated by $3,000 on the 2008 income statement.
The difference in depreciation expense is caused by differences between GAAP and the tax code.
Deferred taxes of $3,000 are subtracted from taxable income of 2008.
The amount of depreciation recorded on the income tax return must be incorrect.

19 of 25
Accounts receivable turnover is computed by dividing:
365 divided by Accounts Receivable.
Accounts receivable divided by Sales.
Accounts Receivable by net income.
Sales divided by Accounts Receivable.

20 of 25
Benton Corporation acquired real estate that contained land, building and equipment. The property cost Benton $825,000. Benton paid $175,000 and issued a note payable for the remainder of the cost. An appraisal of the property reported the following values: Land, $85,000; Building, $625,000 and Equipment, $250,000.

Assume that Benton uses the units of production method when depreciating its equipment. Benton assumes estimates that the purchased equipment will produce 1,200,000 units over its 5-year useful life and has salvage value of $7,500. Benton produced 265,000 units with the equipment by the end of the first year of purchase.

What amount will Benton record for depreciation expense for the equipment in the first year?
$8,408
$41,469
$45,788
$82,938

21 of 25
What is the name used for the type of secured bond that requires a pledge of a designated piece of property in case of default?
Debenture Bond
Indenture Bond.
Mortgage Bond.
Registered Bond.

22 of 25
On January 1, 2007, the Gray Taxi Company purchased a new taxi cab for $36,000. The cab has an expected salvage value of $6,000. The company estimates that the cab will be driven 100,000 miles over its life. It uses the units of production method to determine depreciation expense. The cab was driven 25,000 miles the first year.

What would be the book value of the taxi at the end of 2007?
$30,000.
$22,500.
$28,500.
$6,040.

23 of 25
Carter Company paid $375,000 for a basket purchase that included office furniture, a building and land. An appraiser provided the following estimates of the market values of the assets if they had been purchased separately:

Office furniture - $75,000; Building - $320,000, Land - $36,000.

Based on this information the amount of cost that would be allocated to the office furniture is:
$31,323.
$65,255.
$75,000.
$278,422.

24 of 25
The High Company purchased the Low Company for $500,000 cash. The fair market value of Low's assets was $320,000, and the company had no liabilities. Which of the following choices would reflect the purchase on High's financial statements?

25 of 25
Long Co. paid $175,000 for a purchase that included land, building, and office furniture. An appraiser provided the following estimates of the market values of the assets if they had been purchased separately: Land, $20,000, Building, $150,000, and Office Furniture, $30,000. Based on this information the cost that would be allocated to the land is:
$17,500.
$20,000.
$25,000.
$26,250.

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Thank you for choosing Brainmass. Please see the attached file. All answers/explanations in blue. Let me know if you have any questions.

1 of 25
Brennan's Company experienced an accounting event that was recorded in the company's general journal as indicated below:

Which of the following choices accurately reflects how this event would affect Brennan's financial statements.

Option d is the correct choice
Cash paid would reduce assets
Interest expense will increase expense and reduce net income and equity
Discount amortization will increase liability
Interest payment will be operating activity cash flow

2 of 25
Before writing-off the uncollectible account of N. Rahn, Megan Co. had current assets of $150,000 and current liabilities of $100,000. After the company writes-off N. Rahn's account receivable of $5,000, what will be its current ratio? Megan Co. uses the allowance method to account for bad debts.
1.58
1.55
1.50
1.45

Writing of an uncollectible account does not affect the total current assets. The gross receivables reduce and the allowance account reduces and the net receivables remain the same.
The current ratio will be 150,000/100,000 = 1.50

3 of 25
On January 1, 2005, Lawrence Company purchased an asset that cost $10,000. The asset had an expected useful life of five years and an estimated salvage value of $2,000. Lawrence uses the straight-line method for the recognition of depreciation expense. At the beginning of the fourth year of usage, the company revised its estimated salvage value to $1,000.
Based on this information, the amount of depreciation expense to be recognized at the end of 2008 is:
$4,200.
$2,100.
$1,600.
$1,000.

Initial depreciation per year = (10,000-2,000)/5 = 1,600
Depreciation for 3 years is 1,600X3=4,800
Book value at the start of year 4 = 10,000-4,800 = 5,200
The new salvage value is 1,000 and remaining life is 2 years.
New depreciation per year = (5,200-1,000)/2 = 2,100

4 of 25
On January 1, 2008 the Dakota Company borrowed $162,000 cash from the First Trust Bank by issuing a five-year 8 % term note. The principal and interest are repaid by making annual payments beginning on December 31, 2008. The annual payment on the loan based on the present value of annuity factor would be $40,575.

How does the amortization of the principal balance on an installment note payable affect the amount of interest expense recorded each succeeding year?
Has no effect on interest expense each year
Increase the amount of interest expense each year
Reduces the amount of interest expense each year
Either A or C, depending on market conditions

Interest expense = Rate X the carrying value of the note
The carrying value of the note decreases after each payment since some principal is repaid, so the interest expense reduces

5 of 25
On January 1, 2009, Potter Corporation issued $2,500 in 8%, 5-year bonds payable at 102. Interest payments are due each December 31. Potter uses the straight-line method of amortization.

Which of the following shows the effect of the interest payment and amortization on 12/31/09?

Option d is the correct choice.
Cash paid is 2,500X8%=200
Bond premium is 2,500X2% = $50 and amortization per year is 50/5=$10, so liabilities decrease by $10. Interest expense is 200-10=$190 and so equity, expense and net income has value of 190. The interest paid is operating activity

6 of 25
Warren Company issued bonds with a face value of $800,000, a 12% stated rate of interest, and a 10-year term. The bonds were issued on January 1, 2008. Interest is paid annually on December 31.

Assuming Warren issued the bonds for 105, the carrying value of the bonds on the 12/31/08 ...

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