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GAAP and IFRS Comparison

Exercise A-2 Lower-of-Cost-or-Market Rule

The cost of Baxter's inventory at the end of the year was $50,000. Due to obsolescence, the cost to replace the inventory was only $40,000. Net realizable value—what the inventory could be sold for—is $42,000. Determine the amount Baxter should report on its year-end balance sheet for inventory assuming the company follows
(a) U.S. GAAP and (b) IFRS.

Exercise A-3
Maple Corp. owns a building with an original cost of $1,000,000 and accumulated depreciation at the balance sheet date of $200,000. Based on a recent appraisal, the fair value of the building is $850,000.

1. At what amount will the building be reported on the year-end balance sheet if Maple follows U.S. GAAP?

2. Does Maple have a choice in the amount to report for the building if instead it follows IFRS? What are those choices?

Exercise A-4 Statement of Cash Flows
During the most recent year, Butler paid $95,000 in interest to its lenders and $80,000 in dividends to its stockholders.

1. In which category of the statement of cash flows (operating, investing, or financing) should each of these amounts be shown if butler follows U.S. GAAP? If more than one category is acceptable indicate what the choices are.

2. In which category of the statement of cash flows (operating, investing, or financing) should each of these amounts be shown if Butler follows IFRS? If more than one category is acceptable, indicate what the choices are.

FASB and IFRS have worked together over the last several years to develop a plan of convergence for the two sets of standards. However, financial statements in the U.S. are still prepared using GAAP. To see if any new progress has been made towards IFRS adoption, visit some of the following websites:

IASB: www.iasb.org
FASB www.fasb.org
AICPA www.ifrs.com
Deloitte www.deloitte.com
Ernst & Young www.ey.com
PricewaterhouseCoopers www.pwc.com
KPMG www.kpmg.com

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Solution Summary

Solution compares US GAAP to IFRS with respect to inventory and PP&E (building). It also explains how to classify given amounts as operating, investing, or financing activities in the statement of cash flows according to both US GAAP to IFRS.

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