Fabricator Inc., a specialized equipment manufacturer, uses a job order costing system. The overhead is allocated to jobs on the basis of direct labor hours. The overhead rate is now $ 3,000 per direct labor hour. The design engineer thinks that this is illogical. The design engineer has stated the following: Our accounting system doesn't make any sense to me. It tells me that every labor hour carries an additional burden of $3,000. This means that while direct labor makes up only 5% of our total product cost, it drives all our costs. In addition, these rates give my design engineers incentives to "design out" direct labor by using machine technology. Yet, over the past years as we have had less and less direct labor, the overhead rate keeps going up and up. I won't be surprised if next year the rate is $4,000 per direct labor hour. I'm also concerned because small errors in our estimates of the direct labor content can have a large impact on our estimated costs. Just a 30-minute error in our estimate of assembly time is worth $1,500. Small mistakes in our direct labor time estimates really swing our bids around. I think this puts us at a disadvantage when we are going after business.
1. What is the engineer's concern about the overhead rate going "up and up"?
2. What did the engineer mean about the large overhead rate being a disadvantage when placing bids and seeking new business?
3. What do you think is a possible solution?© BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com October 25, 2018, 9:35 am ad1c9bdddf
I will give you some conceptual information to get you started and some ideas on how to approach the questions. If you require further explanation, please let me know and I can update the posting.
In the past, direct labor hours were highly correlated with overhead costs. Each additional hour of labor translated to more supervisor hours, more machines, more overhead in general. All in all, because direct labor was highly correlated with overhead costs, using direct labor hours to estimate overhead costs was appropriate. ...
This post gives an overview of why using direct labor hours to allocate overhead costs might not be appropriate anymore for manufacturing firms.
Questions on the ethics of Overhead Allocation
Jack owns a small factory that produces buttons for garment industry. Jack wants to buy a new machine and has applied to a bank for financing. The loan officer has asked for operating statements for the past year. The company's net income has not been very good over the last year, and inventory has grown substantially. Jack is concerned that the bank will not loan the money as they will not be as optimistic as he is about Jack's future sales and the company's ability to reduce its inventory. Yesterday Jack had the following conversation with the company's controller.
Jack: You know that I have applied for a bank loan and that the bank wants copies of our operating statements for the last 12 months.
Controller: I can have those ready for you today.
Jack: I would like you to make some changes before you prepare those statements.
Controller: what changes?
Jack: I want you to increase our predetermined overhead rate by 25% and then recalculate the inventory figures and last year's income statement using the new rate. Also, move my salary and our office rent into the manufacturing overhead pool. I will need those statements in the morning.
1.What effect would the change in predetermined overhead rate have on the company's inventory values?
2.What effect would the reclassification of Jack's salary and the office rent have on the company's product costs?
3.What parts of a financial statement would reveal Jack's changes to the loan officer?