It's been two months since you took a position as an assistant financial analyst at Caledonia Products. Although your boss has been pleased with your work, he is still a bit hesitant about unleashing you without supervision. Your next assignment involves both the calculation of the cash flows associated with a new investment under consideration and the evaluation of several mutually exclusive projects. Given your lack of tenure at Caledonia, you have been asked not only to provide a recommendation, but also to respond to a number of questions aimed at judging your understanding of the capital budgeting process. The memorandum you received outlining your assignment follows:
We are considering the introduction of a new product. Currently we are in the 34 percent marginal tax bracket with a 15 percent required rate of return or cost of capital. This project is expected to last five years and then, because this is somewhat of a fad project, to be terminated. The following information describes the new project:
Cost of new plant and equipment: $7,900,000
Shipping and installation costs: $ 100,000
Unit sales: Year Units Sold
Sales price per unit: $300/unit in years 1-4, $260/unit in year 5
Variable cost per unit: $180/unit
Annual fixed costs: $200,000
Working-capital requirements: There will be an initial working-capital requirement of $100,000 just to get production started. For each year, the total investment in net working capital will be equal to 10 percent of the dollar value of sales for that year. Thus, the investment in working capital will increase during years 1 through 3, then decrease in year 4. Finally, all working capital is liquidated at the termination of the project at the end of year 5.
The depreciation method: Use the simplified straight-line method over five years. It is assumed that the plant and equipment will have no salvage value after five years.
1) What are the differential cash flows over the project's life?
2) What is the terminal cash flow?
3) Draw a cash flow diagram for this project.
4) What is its net present value?
5) What is its internal rate of return?
6) Should the project be accepted? Why or why not?
Cash Flows, terminal cash flow, cash diagram, NPV and IRR are examined.