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    Open systems theory

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    a.How can open systems theory be used to understand an organization.
    b. Discuss how open systems theory might apply to Balfour Beatty Construction Company?

    2. Organizational Diagnostic Models(11) which of them do you believe would be best suited to an OD analysis of Balfour Beatty Construction Company please be very thorough and specific in your discussion and reasoning.
    a.The Nadler-Tushman Congruence Model: please discuss the Environment, Resources and Organizational History and Strategy inputs in the context of Balfour Beatty Construction Company. Be thorough, and be specific.
    b. Since the Congruence Model recognizes "Outputs" as existing at the Individual, Group, and Organizational levels, please discuss the Outputs - at all three levels -of Balfour Beatty Construction Company.Be specific.
    4. Is there a difference between the notion of "Organizational Learning" (OL) and that of the "Learning Organization" (LO)? Are we anthropomorphizing (great word!) organizations when we say that they "learn"?

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    Solution Preview

    The response addresses the query posted in 507 words with APA references

    //The text given below discusses the open systems theory, organizational diagnostic model, Nadler-Tushman congruence model and congruence model with specific reference to Balfour Beatty Construction Company.//

    Answer 1. An open systems theory states that the organizations function in an exterior surrounding from which they derive specific inputs and convert them with the help of social and technical processes (Cummings & Worley, 2009). Balfour Beatty Construction Company can adopt open systems theory by encouraging the community development, which is already a part of the organization's culture. The company should create and support the relationships with its external environment such that appropriate input in the form of raw materials can be derived from the environment and returned in the form of output after the transformation of resources (Balfour Beatty, 2015).

    Answer 2. With regard to Balfour Beatty Company, the most suitable organizational diagnostic model will be Weisbord's Six-Box Model ...

    Solution Summary

    The expert examines the open systems theory. How an open system theory be used to understand an organization is determined. The response addresses the query posted in 507 words with APA references