1. How should a stock dividend that has been declared, but not yet issued be classified in a statement of financial position? Why?
2. Derivative accounting: What are the disclosure requirements for traditional and derivative financial instruments? Should companies disclose if such instruments are used for hedging or speculation? Why?© BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com October 25, 2018, 8:40 am ad1c9bdddf
#1 How should a stock dividend that has been declared but not yet issued be classified in a statement of financial position? Why?
A stock dividend that has been declared, but not yet paid is classified in the stockholders' equity section of the statement of financial position (balance sheet). Because dividend payments do not reduce assets, they are not considered liabilities. In order to become a liability, the event or transaction must be considered a reduction to assets. Even though the payments are made in cash (usually), the cash dividend payments are declared and paid after the company has declared its net income for the period. Dividends are not ...
This solution explains how a stock dividend is declared that has not yet been issued, and also explains the proper way to classify the declared dividend in the statement of financial position (income statement). This solution also explains the disclosure requirements for traditional and derivative financial instruments. The proper disclosure for financial assets is also discussed, with a primary focus on hedging and speculation elements.
Mortgages, interest, accounts payable, and stocks
1) Kananga Company has these obligations at December 31:
(a) A note payable for $100,000 due in 2 years,
(b) A 10-year mortgage payable of $200,000 payable in ten $20,000 annual payments,
(c) Interest payable of $15,000 on the mortgage,
(d) Accounts payable of $60,000.
For each obligation, indicate whether it should be classified as a current liability if not why?
2) Refer to the financial statements of Tootsie Roll Industries and the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in Appendix A. Instructions Answer the following questions.
(a) What were Tootsie Roll's total current liabilities at December 31, 2004? What was the increase/decrease in Tootsie Roll's total current liabilities from the prior year?
(b) How much were the accounts payable at December 31, 2004?
(c) What were the components of total current liabilities on December 31, 2004 (other than accounts payable already discussed above)? See attachment
3) Chapter 11: Ethics Case: BYP11-10
BYP11-10 Greenwood Corporation has paid 60 consecutive quarterly cash dividends (15 years). The last 6 months have been a real cash drain on the company, however, as profit margins have been greatly narrowed by increasing competition. With a cash balance sufficient to meet only day-to-day operating needs, the president, Gil Mailor, has decided that a stock dividend instead of a cash dividend should be declared. He tells Greenwood's financial vice-president, Vicki Lemke, to issue a press release stating that the company is extending its consecutive dividend record with the issuance of a 5% stock dividend. "Write the press release convincing the stockholders that the stock dividend is just as good as a cash dividend," he orders. "Just watch our stock rise when we announce the stock dividend; it must be a good thing if that happens."
(a) Who are the stakeholders in this situation?
(b) Is there anything unethical about president Mailor's intentions or actions?
(c) What is the effect of a stock dividend on a corporation's stockholders' equity accounts?
Which would you rather receive as a stockholder?a cash dividend or a stock dividend?
4) Valentin Zukovsky says that liquidity and solvency is the same thing. Is he correct? If not, how do they differ?
5) Chapter 11: Internet Assignment 11-1 www.staples.com
Locate the company's most current balance sheet by selecting Corporate Information. Instructions
Answer the following questions:
a. Does the company report preferred stock in its balance sheet? If so, how many shares are currently outstanding?
b. How much common stock does the company report in its most recent balance sheet? What is the par value of each?
c. Does the company report any treasury stock? Has this amount changed since the previous year?