1. Calculate the conversion costs from the following information:
Mukwonago Industries has developed two new products but has only enough plant capacity to introduce one product during the current year. The following data will assist management in deciding which product should be selected.
Mukwonago's fixed overhead includes rent and utilities, equipment depreciation, and supervisory salaries. Selling and administrative expenses are not allocated to individual products.
3. Which of the following statements is (are) true?
(1). The term full cost refers to the cost of manufacturing and selling a unit of product and includes both fixed and variable costs.
(2). The fixed cost per unit is considered constant despite changes in volume of activity within the relevant range.
A. Only (1) is true.
B. Only (2) is true.
C. Both (1) and (2) are true.
D. Neither (1) or (2) are true.
4. The advertising costs for the product selected by Mukwonago will be
A. Prime costs.
B. Conversion costs.
C. Discretionary costs.
D. Opportunity costs.
E. Product costs.
5. Net income will always be lower than operating income.
6. Only direct costs can be classified as product costs; indirect costs are classified as period costs.
7. Labor costs are traditionally the largest cost category for service organizations.
8. An opportunity cost is the benefit forgone by selecting one alternative over another alternative.
9. Which of the following costs are irrelevant to the make-or-buy decision?
A. Indirect materials and indirect labor if the item is manufactured internally
B. Direct materials and direct labor if the item is purchased
C. Variable overhead if the item is manufactured internally
D. Fixed overhead that can be avoided if the item is purchased
E. Fixed overhead that will continue if the item is purchased
10. The Regal Baking Company is considering the expansion of its business into door-to-door delivery service. This would require an additional $12,500 in labor costs per month. Company-owned vehicles now used to make morning deliveries to restaurants could be used in the afternoons to make the home deliveries. However, it is estimated that an additional $5,000 would be required per month for gas, oil, and maintenance. It is further estimated that the home delivery use of the trucks would be allocated 45% of the existing $6,500 fixed vehicle costs. What is the differential delivery cost per month for expanding into the home delivery market?
E. some other answer _______________.
11. The theory of constraints focuses on maximizing throughput contribution margin while minimizing all of the following except
A. fixed overhead costs.
B. production bottlenecks.
C. investment in buildings.
D. investment in inventories.
12. The following information relates to the Tram Company for the upcoming year.
The cost of goods sold includes $1,200,000 of fixed manufacturing overhead; the operating expenses include $100,000 of fixed marketing expenses. A special order offering to buy 50,000 units for $7.50 per unit has been made to Tram. Fortunately, there will be no additional operating expenses associated with the order and Tram has sufficient capacity to handle the order. How much will operate profits be increased if Tram accepts the special order?
A. $ 25,000
B. $ 62,500
E. Operating profits will not increase as a result of accepting the special order.
13. Opportunity costs are the benefits foregone by selecting one alternative over another alternative.
14. If there is only one alternative course of action and the status quo is unacceptable, then there really is no decision to make.
15. The slope of the cost line for the "buy" alternative in graphical analysis of the make-or-buy decision is the variable product costs per unit.
16. The alternative courses of action in a make-or-buy decision are (a) manufacture needed items internally or (b) purchase needed items externally.
17. If the fixed costs for a product decrease and the variable costs (as a percentage of sales dollars) decrease, what will be the effect on the contribution margin ratio and the breakeven point respectively?
18. In a decision analysis situation, which one of the following costs is not likely to contain a variable cost component? (CMA adapted, 6/96)
19. You have been provided with the following information:
If sales decrease by 500 units, how much will fixed expenses have to be reduced by to maintain the current operating profit of $6,000?
E. Some other answer ___________.
20. A decrease in the margin of safety would be caused by a(n):
A. increase in the total fixed costs.
B. increase in total revenue (sales).
C. decrease in the break-even point.
D. decrease in the variable cost per unit.
21. If the fixed costs are $2,400, targeted operating profit is $1,200, selling price per unit is $2, and the contribution margin ratio is 40%, then the sales volume is 9,000 units.
22. If the average selling price is $.60 per unit, the average variable cost is $.36 per unit, and the total fixed costs are $1,500, then sales of 15,000 units will result in operating profits of $3,600.
23. An increase in an organization's tax rate will cause an increase in its break-even point.
24. The break-even point in sales dollars is fixed costs divided by the contribution margin ratio.
The Business School at Eastern College is accumulating data as a first step in the preparation of next year's budget development. One cost that is being looked at closely is administrative costs as a function of student credit hours. Data on administrative costs and credit hours for the most recent academic year is shown below:
The controller's office has analyzed the data and has given you the results from the regression analysis:
25. Based on the results of the above regression analysis, the estimate of administrative costs in a month with 1,000 credit hours would be:
E. Some other amount.
26. A cost driver is defined as: (CMA adapted, 6/93)
A. the largest cost in a manufacturing process
B. a fixed cost that cannot be avoided
C. the significant factor in developing a new product
D. an indirect cost that cannot be traced to a particular cost objective but is essential to the business
E. a causal factor that increases the total cost of a cost objective
The Armer Company is accumulating data to be used in preparing its annual profit plan for the coming year. The cost behavior pattern of the maintenance costs must be determined. The accounting staff has suggested that linear regression be employed to derive an equation in the form of y = a + bx for maintenance costs. Data regarding the maintenance hours and costs for last year and the results of the regression analysis are as follows: (CMA adapted, May 1981)
27. At 400 hours of activity, Armer management can be approximately two-thirds confident that the maintenance costs will be in the range of
A. $3,537.62 $3,662.40.
B. $3,551.37 $3,648.51.
C. $3,586.18 $3,613.93.
D. $3,565.54 $3,634.47.
E. $3,574.15 $3,626.02.
F. Some other answer __________.
28. A manager is trying to estimate the manufacturing costs of a new product. The company makes several other products that utilize some of the same manufacturing procedures as the new product. Which cost estimation method would be the best method to determine the total cost of manufacturing the new product?
A. engineering estimates
B. regression analysis
C. account analysis
29. In general, the use of multiple independent variables increases the proportion of the variation in the dependent variable explained by the cost equation.
30. In general, "garbage-in, garbage-out;" i.e., the quality of the cost equation depends on collecting appropriate data.
31. The most important step in obtaining cost behavior estimates is identifying the appropriate cost driver.
32. The engineering method of determining cost behavior is particularly useful for totally new activities or products.
33. The loan department of a financial corporation makes loans to businesses. The costs of processing these loans are often several thousand dollars. All loans are initially evaluated using the same financial analysis software, but some require outside services such as appraisals and legal services. Which is the most appropriate costing system for the loan department?
A. job-order costing
B. process costing
C. operation costing
D. batch costing
34. Which of the following statements is (are) false regarding cost allocations and product costing?
(A) It is easier to determine the individual product cost for a manufacturer than it is for a wholesaler.
(B) In general, indirect costs are assigned, while direct costs are allocated.
A. Only A is false.
B. Only B is false.
C. Both A and B are false.
D. Neither A nor B is false.
35. Which of the following would be the least appropriate allocation base for allocating overhead in a highly automated (i.e., capital-intensive) manufacturing company?
A. electricity used
B. machine hours
C. direct labor hours
D. material consumed
36. For which of the following businesses would the job order cost system be appropriate?
A. auto repair shop
B. crude oil refinery
C. paint manufacturer
D. beer distillery
37. 10,000 units that are 75% complete are equivalent to 9,375 units that are 80% complete.
38. The term "product" often refers to an organization's output and includes both tangible items (e.g., chair, desk, etc.) and intangible items (e.g., services provided).
39. For work in process, if there is no Beginning Balance (BB), the Transfers In (TI) costs are assigned to both the Finished Goods inventory (i.e., Transfers Out) and the ending balance.
40. It is easier to determine the individual product cost for a manufacturer than it is for a wholesaler.
4 1. The relevant range for activities does not apply to fixed costs.
The solution explains some multiple choice questions relating to costing methods, work in process, fixed costs, variable costs and more
Amino acids multiple choice questions
Which statement is incorrect about the classification of amino acids?
a. Alanine and valine are neutral, nonpolar amino acids.
b. Lysine and arginine are basic amino acids.
c. Tryptophan and phenylalanine are aromatic amino acids.
d. Aspartic acid and aspargine are acidic amino acids.
Which of the following amino acids is the least water soluble at pH 7.0?
b. Glutamic acid
Which amino acid would migrate the furthest toward the anode (positive electrode) during paper electrophoresis at pH 7.0?
a. Aspartic acid
Which of the following functional groups, attached to an inert matrix, could function as a cation exchanger?
Which of the following amino acids would make the best buffer at pH 4.5?
d. Aspartic acid
Which fact is incorrect about stereoisomers?
a. A diastereomer is a nonsuperimposable non-mirror image.
b. An enantiomer is a nonsuperimposible mirror image.
c. Diastereomers have different melting points.
d. Diastereomers rotate plane polarized light in equal but opposite direction.
Which statement is incorrect about L-isoleucine?
a. Its enantiomer is named O-isoleucine.
b. It contains a total of two asymmetric or chiral carbons.
c. It can also be named as (28, 38)-isoleucine using the (R,8) system.
d. Its diastereomer would be named O-alloisoleucine.
An isoelectric amino acid was dissolved in water and the resulting pH was approximately 7.6. What amino acid would possess this property?
b. Glutamic acid
What volume of NaOH is required to adjust the solution of monosodium aspartate to pH 9.8?
a. 1 ml
b. 2 ml
c. 3 ml
d. 6 ml or more
What volume of 2 N Hel is required to completely titrate the 4 mmol of monosodium aspartate?
a. 2 ml
d. 6 ml or more
Which statement is correct about the peptide ala-ser?
a. Alanine is at the N-terminal of the peptide.
b. There are a total six atoms that lie in the plane of the peptide bond linking alanine to serine.
c. The alpha-carbon of alanine is sp3 hybridized d All the above are correct statements.
What is the product formed from the acid hydrolysis of a simple amide?
a. Acid & base
b. Aldehyde & alcohol
c. Acid & amine
d. Ester & alcohol
The complete acid hydrolysis of the peptide ala-gln-trp-ser would yield:
a. Ala, gin, trp, ser
b. Ala, glu, ser
c. Ala, glu, trp, ser
d. Ala. ser
Fibrous proteins, such as collagen, have which of the following properties?
a. Highly soluble in water
b. Their hydrophilic residues are directed into the interior of the protein
c. Exhibit enzymatic activity
d. Serve structural roles in the cell
Quaternary structure is associated with:
a. The overall shape of a polypeptide chain
b. The sum of the secondary and tertiary interactions
c. Simple proteins with only one subunit
d. The relative orientation of one polypeptide to another polypeptide in a multi-subunit protein.
The information needed to define the structure of a protein is essentially contained in:
a. Amino acid composition
b. Amino acid sequence
c. Secondary structure
d. Tertiary structure.
Insulin is a polypeptide hormone that contains two short polypeptide chains linked by two interstrand disulfide bonds. The most logical order of events to perform in order to sequence this protein would be:
A: The peptides are reduced with mercaptoethanol.
B: The peptides are sequenced using Edman chemistry .
C: The peptides are separated by chromatography techniques. 0: The peptides are alkylated with iodoacetamide.
a. A, D,C, B b.C,A, 0, B
c. C, B, A, 0
d. A, B, C, 0
Which statement is incorrect about the peptide val-asp-trp-asn-ser?
a. This peptide would show a strong absorption band at 280 nm.
b. Reaction with chymotrypsin would yield two peptides.
c. To synthesize this peptide using the solid phase method of Merrifield, the amino acid directly attached to the resin would be serine.
d. After the second round of Edman chemistry using the reagent PITC, the PTH -amino acid residue released would be PTH-asn.
Which statement is incorrect about the reaction of the peptide ser-Iys-asp-trp-cys-metasn-phe-ala with the following reagents?
a. Reaction with cyanogens bromide would yield two peptides.
b. Reaction with trypsin would result in three peptides. The smallest of three peptides would have the highest pi of the three.
c. Reaciton with chymotrypsin would result in the peptides ser-Iys-asp & try-cys-met-Iysasn-phe-ala .
d. Reaction with chymotrypsin would yield a different set of peptides that overlap those obtained with tryspsin
Determine the amino acid sequence of the following oligopeptide from the experimental data below:
The amino acid composition is found the be ala, Iys, phe, met, cys plus some
2. The peptide has a molecular weight around 700 Da and absorbs at 280 nm.
3. Treatment with carboxypeptidase results in tryptophan and a peptide.
4. CNBr treatment yields a tetrapeptide and a dipeptide.
5. Trypsine digestion produces an amino acid and a pentapeptide with met on the amino end.
6. Chymotrypsin digestion yields a dipeptide and a tetrapeptide.
d. Iys-ala-cys-phe-met -trp