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Efficient Markets

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You must complete the activity in class materials to complete this assignment. Go to course materials, click on Unit 3 tab, click on view unit, click on the activity button, and follow the directions in the activity. After completion of the activity answer the following question:

1-How do you think the efficient market hypothesis should impact the drafting of accounting standards? Should it impact at all? (1Paragraph)
2-Why or why not? (1 Paragraph)
3-Does accounting data really have predictive power? Why or why not? (1 to 2 Paragraphs)

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Solution Preview

The response addresses the queries posted in 489 words with references.

//The efficient market hypothesis is known as the conception that involves the trading of stock at fair value on the stock exchange. Before starting a paper like this, it is important to provide a brief introduction of the concept and along with this to discuss the affect of the concept on the drafting of the accounting standards, and to investigate the possible reasons behind the query.//

Answer 1

The efficient market hypothesis is the concept that takes into account that the stock is always traded at the fair value on the stock exchange by making it unmanageable for the investors to either procure the stocks that have been undervalued or to trade those stocks whose prices are highly appreciated. The ...

Solution Summary

The response addresses the queries posted in 489 words with references.

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Finance: Lease Agreement and Capital Budgeting

At the beginning of its accounting year Alice plc leases a machine from Louise Leasing plc. The following information relates to the lease agreement:
1. The term of the lease is 5 years, and the lease agreement is non-cancellable, requiring equal rental payments of £9,276 at the beginning of each year;
2. The machine has a fair value at the inception of the lease of £40,000, an estimated economic life of 5 years, and no residual value;
3. Alice plc's incremental borrowing rate is 10% per year;
4. Alice plc depreciates similar equipment that it owns on a straight-line basis;
5. Louise Leasing plc has set the annual rental to earn a rate of return on its investment of 8% per year; this fact is known to Alice plc.


(a) Should the above lease agreement be accounted for as a finance or an operating lease? Give reasons to justify your answer.

(b) Prepare the journal entries for Alice plc that relate to the above lease agreement during years 1 and 2 for each of the following assumptions:

(i) The lease is classified as a finance lease;

The actuarial method should be used to allocate finance charges to accounting periods during the lease term.

(ii) The lease is classified as an operating lease.

(c) With reference to (b) discuss the extent to which the distinction between a finance lease and an operating lease is important for financial reporting and analysis.

2-a) Describe the factors that should be taken into consideration by firms when forming their capital structure.

2-b) Describe the "Efficient Market Hypothesis" (EMH). Explain how the "Efficient Market Hypothesis" is used to explain the stock market behaviour.

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