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    Comparisons of Production-Volume Variance with Other Variances

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    Appendix 13: Comparisons of Production-Volume Variance with Other Variances

    The only new variance introduced in this chapter is the production-volume variance, which arises because fixed-overhead accounting must serve two masters: the control-budget purpose and the product-costing purpose. Underapplied or overapplied overhead is always the difference between the actual overhead incurred and the overhead applied. An analysis may then be made:

    underapplied overhead = ( flexible-budget) + (production-volume)
    variance variance

    13-48 Overhead Variances
    Consider the following data for the Rivera Company:
    Factory Overhead
    Fixed Variable
    Actual incurred $14,200 $13,300
    Budget for standard hours allowed
    for output achieved 12,500 11,000
    Applied 11,600 11,000
    Budget for actual hours of input 12,500 11,400

    From the above information, fill in the blanks below. Be sure to mark your variances F for favorable and U for unfavorable.
    a. Flexible-budget variance $______ Fixed $______Variable $______
    b. Production-volume variance $______ Fixed $______Variable $______
    c. Spending variance $______ Fixed $______Variable $______
    d. Efficiency variance $______ Fixed $______Variable $______

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    Solution Summary

    Comparisons of production-volume variances with other variances are examined.