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    Potential Money Supply Increase And Process of Creation

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    Assume the banking system is in reserve equilibrium. The Fed conducts an open market purchase of Treasury securities in the amount of $1 billion. The reserve requirement against deposits is 10%. Identify the potential amount of the money supply increase as a consequence of the Fed's action and describe fully how money is created by the banking system subsequent to the Fed's open market purchase of Treasury securities in the amount of $1 billion.

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    The Fed conducts an open market purchase of Treasury securities in the amount of $1 billion. The reserve requirement against deposits is 10%. Identify the potential amount of the money supply increase as a consequence of the Fed's action and describe fully how money is created by the banking system subsequent to the Fed's open market purchase of Treasury securities in the amount of $1 billion.

    Amount of money supply will be determined by the money multiplier

    Money multiplier represents the ability of a fractional-reserve banking system to create money within the economy, that is, for each dollar of reserves; the money supply is some multiple of that value.

    The Money Multiplier

    The money multiplier tells us the maximum amount of new demand-deposit money that can be created by a single initial dollar of excess reserves. This multiplier, m, is the inverse of the reserve requirement, R: m = 1/R. This note will demonstrate that fact.

    Suppose some initial amount, d1, is deposited into the banking system. With a reserve requirement of R, this deposit creates initial excess reserves equal to E1 ...

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