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Accounting for Income Taxes 2

California Surplus Inc. qualifies to use the installment-sales method for tax purposes and sold an investment on an installment basis. The total gain of $75000 was reported for financial reporting purposes in the period of sale. The installment period is 3 years; one-third of the sale price is collected in 2012 and the rest in 2013. The tax rate was 35% in 2012, and 30% in 2013 and 30% in 2014. The accounting and tax data is shown below.

Financial Accounting Tax Return
2012 (35% tax rate)
Income before temporary difference $ 175,000 $ 175,000
Temporary difference $ 75,000 $ 25,000
Income $ 250,000 $ 200,000

2013 (30% tax rate)
Income before temporary difference $ 200,000 $ 200,000
Temporary difference $ - $ 25,000
Income $ 200,000 $ 225,000

2014 (30% tax rate)
Income before temporary difference $ 180,000 $ 180,000
Temporary difference $ - $ 25,000
Income $ 180,000 $ 205,000

Required:

1) Prepare the journal entries to record the income tax expense, deferred income taxes, and the income taxes payable for 2012, 2013, and 2014. No deferred income taxes existed at the beginning of 2012.
2) Explain how the deferred taxes will appear on the balance sheet at the end of each year. (Assume Installment Accounts Receivable is classified as a current asset.)
3) Show the income tax expense section of the income statement for each year, beginning with "Income before income taxes."

Solution Summary

Prepare the journal entries to record the income tax expense, deferred income taxes, and the income taxes payable;
Explain how the deferred taxes will appear on the balance sheet;
Show the income tax expense section of the income statement;

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