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Income statements for variable costing methods

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1) In an income statement prepared using the variable costing method, fixed selling and administrative expenses would:

a) be used in the computation of the contribution margin.
b) be used in the computation of net operating income but not in the computation of the contribution margin
c) be treated the same as variable manufacturing expenses.
d) not be used

Bass Inc. has some material that originally cost $73,500. The material has a scrap value of $45,600 as is, but if reworked at a cost of $6,600, it could be sold for $58,100. What would be the incremental effect on the company's overall profit of reworking and selling the material rather than selling it as is as scrap?

a) -$22,000
b) $67,600
c) $51,500
d) $ 5,900

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1) In an income statement prepared using teh variable costing method, fixed selling and administrative expenses would:

Contribution ...

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The expert creates income statements for variable costing methods.

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Costing Methods and Income Statements for Z-Watch

The Z-Watch Company manufactures trendy, high-quality moderately priced watches. As Z-Watch's senior financial analyst, you are asked to recommend a method of inventory costing to the chief financial officer (CFO). The CFO will use your recommendation to construct Z-Watch's 2007 income statement. The following data are for the year ended December 31, 2007:

Beginning inventory, January 1, 2007 85,000 units

Ending inventory, December 31, 2007 34,500 units

2007 sales are 345,400 units

Selling price (to distributor) $22.00 per unit

Variable manufacturing cost per unit, including. direct materials $5.10 per unit

Variable operating cost per unit sold $1.10 per unit sold

Fixed Manufacturing Overhead $1,440,000

Denominator-level machine-hours 6,000

Standard production rate 50 units per machine-hour

Fixed operating costs $1,080,000

Assume costs per unit are the same for units in beginning inventory and units produced during the year. Also, assume the prices and unit costs did not change during the year.

Prepare the following to assist the CFO of Z-Watch:

Prepare income statements under variable (contribution margin) and traditional (absorption) costing for the year ended December 31, 2007.

What is Z-Watch's operating income under each costing method (in percentage terms)?

Explain the difference in operating income between the two methods.

Which costing method would you recommend to the CFO? Why?

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