4.17. X has the U(?pi/2, pi/2) distribution, and Y = tan(X). Show that V has density l/(pi(1 + y2)) for ?oo <y <oo . (This is the Cauchy density function.) What can be said about the mean and variance of Y? How could you simulate values from this distribution, given a supply of U(O, 1) values?
4.21. Let X and Y have joint density 2 exp(?x ? y) over 0 < x <y < oo. Find their marginal densities; the density of X, given Y = 4; and the density of Y, given X = 4. Show that X and Y are not independent.
Find the joint density of U = X + Y and V = X/Y. Are U and V independent?
The Cauchy Density Function and Joint Distributions are investigated. The solution is detailed and well presented. The response received a rating of "5" from the student who originally posted the question.