8.46 A random sample of 10 miniature Tootsie Rolls was taken from a bag. Each piece was weighed on a very accurate scale. The results in grams were
3.087, 3.131, 3.241, 3.241, 3.270, 3.353, 3.400, 3.411, 3.437, 3.477
(a) Construct a 90 percent confidence interval for the true mean weight. (b) What sample size would be necessary to estimate the true weight with an error of ± 0.03 grams with 90 percent confidence? (c) Discuss the factors which might cause variation in the weight of Tootsie Rolls during manufacture
8.62 In 1992, the FAA conducted 86,991 pre-employment drug tests on job applicants who were to be engaged in safety and security-related jobs, and found that 1,143 were positive. (a) Construct a 95 percent confidence interval for the population proportion of positive drug tests. (b) Why is the normality assumption not a problem, despite the very small value of p?
This solution has step-by-step method in excel sheet for constructing a confidence interval for different percentages and sample sizing for estimating true mean weight. It also discusses the factors that cause variations in a manufacturing process.