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Reviews of Select Readings in History, Feminism & Philosophy

Reflect on what you gained from each of the below readings in relation to how behaviors and the view that society has about those behaviors changes over time. Provide examples from our society, as well as from the readings to support your points.

from A Postmodern Feminist Approach 81 (Kristine M. Baber & Colleen Murray)

Defining Deviancy Down (Daniel Patrick Moynihan)
Defining Deviancy Up (Charles Krauthammer)
The "McDonaldization" of Society (George Ritzer)
The War against Boys (Chirstina Hoff Sommers)
The Mother of All Problems (Danielle Crittenden)

Solution Preview

As per your request as well as according to the guidelines in your posting, I have prepared a one-paragraph reflection on each of the essays you indicated below. While you requested minimum reflection per essay, I decided to create an analysis that at least touches the basics discussed in each of the essays you indicated. They are extensive and far reaching and as such, it is difficult to condense their essence while reflect as well as indicate & relate social experience to each of them and their themes in such a limited word count. I hope that this solution would be of help to you. I suggest (if you have the time) to read online critiques and reactions to the essay as it would also give you additional angles to view them from. If you have any questions regarding this solution, please feel free to send me a message. I have attached the word version of the solution below. You can print it out for reference purposes. Thank you for using Brainmass!


The Macdonaldization of Society/George Ritzer

- In this essay, Ritzer reflects on how society functions like a well oiled machine ---- limited in choices by the rationalization of everyday routines dictated by the aim of Society to become more efficient. "Macdonaldization" is a term coined by Ritzer after observing how to reach maximum output, Ray Crock, the founder of MacDonald's patterned his system of preparing fast food after the principles of Assembly-line production by Henry Ford. Ford's system increased capacity & efficiency giving birth to a business model that was adapted across the board. Efficiency has become (since the world is ruled by the business of Economics) the goal not just at work but in people's private lives. Think about the business of the way we manage our time: responsibilities and duties demand allocating time in a way so that goals could be met. Ritzer was talking of how it affected the way society moves: laws are in place to 'restrict' and 'minimize' inefficiency while making sure that a system is in place whereby the 'clogs' work in harmony. Is it a bad thing or a good thing? Is society limited by the process of becoming 'efficient'? As it is, if we will take Ritter's measure and look through it, we will see a world that's dynamic and dictated so by the idea of becoming efficient. Ritter's view of an efficient society does not take into account that society is shaped by the needs of human beings and at Ford's time continuing on to today, societies & nations compete to produce, achieve, innovate to survive, to be more. Over time the paradigm offered by Efficiency will be adapted, redesigned. Today, many achievers in society slow down to relax, take a deep breath and appreciate their achievements. It is inevitable that clockwork efficiency will be adapted into a form that takes account of man's need for comfort & leisure. This however will still be within a ...

Solution Summary

The solution provides concise yet detailed discussion-based reviews on selected essays by Patrick Moynihan, Charles Krauthammer, George Ritzer, Christina Sommers & Danielle Critenden