Explore BrainMass

Explore BrainMass


    This diagram demonstrates Gestalt's Law of Closure. The human brain tends to perceive complete shapes even if those forms are incomplete.

    Perception is defined as “a rapid, automatic, unconscious process by which we recognize what is represented by the information provided by our sense organs”1. Perception is not deliberate or effortful. We do not first see an object and then perceive it; we simply perceive the object.

    The primary function of the sense organs is to provide information to guide behaviour. Sensory mechanisms cannot do this on their own. Without association cortices to accompany our primary sensory cortices, we would have no understanding of the world around us.

    Because of the importance we give to vision and the vastness of information provided by our visual system, auditory perception is a great guiding framework. "The brain receives fragments of information from approximately 1 million axons in each of the optic nerves. It combines and organizes these small fragments into a perception of the scene.'1 This perception includes objects having different forms, colors, and textures in different locations in a three dimensional space.

    Visual perception by the brain is understood by many as a hierarchy of information processing. According to this, “neural circuits analyze particular aspects of visual information and forwards these results to another circuit that performs further analysis."1 The higher levels of this process interact with memories, recognizing familiar objects and learning unfamiliar ones.

    The primary visual cortex is necessary for visual processing, although the perception of the totality of the scene does not occur there. The combination of information from the different modules from the primary cortex happens at several levels of the visual association cortex.1

    Perception involves both bottom-up and top-down processing. “Our perceptions are influenced not only by the details of the particular stimuli we see, but also by their relations to each other and our expectations."1

    There are countless tricks our minds play in the process of a total perception. These include perceptual constancy, Gestalt’s laws of grouping, and contrast effects. Learn about these and more in the Perception section of BrainMass.


    1. Carlson, Neil R. Psychology: the science of behavior. 4th ed. Boston: Allyn and Bacon, 1993.

    © BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com February 4, 2023, 7:02 am ad1c9bdddf

    BrainMass Solutions Available for Instant Download

    Counseling and PTSD

    Present a scenario in which an individual might utilize a counselor and then and create one scenario. With references

    Effective Research Conducted

    1 Doctoral learners must become information-literate individuals who are able to locate, identify, evaluate, and organize research. In a Topic of current situation in the country as it relates to immigrants, including arrests and deportations, banning of individuals from some countries, building walls I am required to find five

    Pros and Cons of Workplace Communication

    Hello: I need to create a brochure that can be used in a workplace setting explaining and illustrating some of the positive and negative ways to communicate in the workplace. The brochure needs picture or graphics (which I have) and three resources where individuals can discover more about the topic of workplace communication.

    Perception Presentation

    Perception Presentation Imagine you are an expert on critical thinking. You have been asked to give a presentation on the concepts of perception and critical thinking. Create a PowerPoint that contains the following: Eight slides (one title slide, six content slides, and one Reference slide) How all five senses

    Importance of Pharmacology knowledge in a counseling setting

    Psychopharmacology With Children and Adolescents Please see attached file Even though counselors cannot prescribe medications, they are regularly consulted by clients or a client's family members about the use of medications. This discussion is designed to help you consider some of the issues you may want to address with a

    Trauma Quantitative Analysis

    The purpose of this qualitative study is to determine the relationship between counseling/support effects on depression/anxiety levels directly after a miscarriage versus counseling/support effects on depression/anxiety levels following a miscarriage 1 year or greater. The significance of the relationship is that it may inform a

    Theoretical applications.

    Select a fictional character from The Blind Side (movie). Analyze your chosen character's personality using the theories of Allport, Jung, and Maslow. Describe the connection between the character's personality and the theory used to explain it using relevant information such as direct quotes, descriptions of life events, exa

    Perception Cohesive Responses

    Jim and Janice are hiking in the woods and come across a baby bear. Neither is very knowledgeable about nature and they foolishly stop to photograph the cub. The mother bear perceives this as a threat to the cub and charges at the couple. Choose either Jim or Janice and respond to the following in a two to three paragraph coh

    Sampling, Recruitment, Collection

    In this discussion, you will describe your sampling and measurement plan for answering key evaluation questions for your program evaluation proposal. This is an extended discussion and should be 300-400 words. At the beginning of your post, again briefly provide the following information about your proposed program evaluatio

    The Process of Construct Validation

    1). What process is used in conducting construct validation of a psychological test? 2). Why is it often said that construct validation is an endless process?

    Psychological testing norms

    Describe how norms are developed for a psychological test. How are the psychological test crafted or what do these psychological test consist of?

    Psychological Testing Standards

    Consider psychological standardized tests. Instead of saying what degree of validity tests should have, the testing standards focuses more on the information desired in the report provided by test developers. What is this information that the testing standards focuses on? Why should it be provided? Why is it preferable?

    Memory Traces of the Human Brain

    Much like a computer, the human brain may retain traces of information even after being deleted.These memory traces are physico-chemical manifestations of representations (memories) in the brain. While their existence remains disputed, how might the existence of memory traces bear on developing new procedural and declarative mem

    Perceptions of Psychology

    By successfully completing this assessment, you will demonstrate your proficiency in the following course competencies and assessment criteria: - Competency 1: Apply foundational theories in psychology to current issues in the field of psychology. - Competency 5: Communicate in a manner that is scholarly, professional, and con

    The helping profession;Is all about having the passion?

    Would you agree that one of the biggest goals is to have a career in a field where you are helping others and at the same time you will enjoy doing your job not only working somewhere just to make money but rather to have a career that you have a passion for it? Why or why not Is having a career is not only about making money

    Transforming your passions and interests in psychology into a reality

    This person will be responding to the following questions: • This person will discuss this in their discussion how will they know that they achieved this goal? • What will they do to stay confident and committed to the actions that they outlined? • What resources and support will they need to achieve this goal? Here

    American Psychological Association and Ethics

    Ethics is a central concept to any career in psychology. As you noticed in the case studies, ethical issues are sometimes unclear and solutions to ethical dilemmas are often difficult to determine. As a professional in psychology, it is important to know how to identify an ethical issue, think through possible solutions, and fin

    Practitioner Scholar and Scholar Practitioner

    1. What is the difference between "Scholar-Practitioner" and a "Practitioner Scholar"? 2. In your own words, what does it mean to be a "Practitioner-Scholar" within the field of psychology? Use scholarly sources to support your answers. Cite scholarly sources using APA format

    Personality Assessment - NEO-PI-R

    Sean Brody Age - 8 Race - White Gender - Male Ethnicity - Jewish Veteran Status - None Immigrant Status - American citizen Language - English, American Sign Language Sensory Impairment - Hearing Impaired Motor Impairment - None Medical Conditions - High lead levels Presenting Problem - Behavioral


    Read McClintock's 2003 entry, "Scholar Practitioner Model" in DiStefano, Rudestam, and Silverman's Encyclopedia of Distributed Learning, pages 394-397. Please see attachment 1). What is the difference between "Practitioner-Scholar" and "Scholar Practitioner"? 2). In your own words, what does it mean to be a ("Practitioner-

    Importance of Interpersonal Communication Skills in Clinical Psychology

    That which we are best at and uniquely designed to accomplish, will typically align with our strengths and interests. What is a broad or specific skill or area of knowledge that you would like to improve and deepen? This content area or theme will be one you are passionate about and interested in, one that carries meaning for th


    Carliear I watched the video of "The Long Goodbye: Facing Dementia" and would appreciate your help with the attachment that is Week 7. I tried to attach the video but was unable to do so, so I attached the Transcript of the video. Please let me know if you could help with this. The Knowledge of Major Systems Concepts In th

    Fight Club, the movie, and Positive Psychology

    Briefly describe what you observed in the fictional movie Fight Club. Give your impressions and any conclusions that demonstrate application of Ethics, Multi-Cultural, Competence, and Competence and the Positive Psychology and Wellness Approach and course content concepts to the interactions in the movie.

    Becoming a Systems Thinker

    Becoming a Systems Thinker, Major Concepts After reading Chapter 1 in the Dallos and Draper text, as well as reviewing the glossary in the text and the provided glossary file. 1) Discuss the advantages and disadvantages (if any) how a family is more like a biological system than a mechanical system 2) Define the term "system"