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Erikson's Theory and Behavior

Jimmie, who is 3 years old, consistently delays and keeps playing when his parents pick him up at daycare. To change Jimmie's behavior, which technique should the parents use? The options are either operant conditioning or social learning theory. Explain why you think this is the best technique the parents should use. Describe step-by-step what Jimmie's parents should do and explain why the techniques would work.

Then use Erikson's theory to explain how Jimmie's parents could change his behavior. Describe step-by-step what Jimmie's parents should do, and explain based on the principles of Erikson's theory why the procedure would work.

Erikson's theory:
Psychosocial Stage 1 - Trust vs. Mistrust (first year)
Psychosocial Stage 2 - Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt (ages 1 - 3 1/2)
Psychosocial Stage 3 - Initiative vs. Guilt (ages 4 to 6)
Psych stage 4 - Industry vs inferiority (ages 6 to puberty)
Psych stage 5 - identity vs role confusion (adolescence to early adulthood)

Please provide a minimum of 200 words.

Solution Preview

I would suggest operant conditioning for Jimmie's parents to use in terms of teaching Jimmie when it might be time to go from daycare. "Operant conditioning is a method of learning that occurs through rewards and punishments for behavior. Through operant conditioning, an association is made between a behavior and a consequence for that behavior" (Cherry, 2013, para 1). By rewarding Jimmie for leaving daycare when he is supposed to, his parents are using operant conditioning techniques.

For example, here a step by step use of operant conditioning:
Step One: Ask Jimmie to leave daycare
Step Two: Jimmie delays and keeps playing
Step Three: Jimmie's parents approaches him ...

Solution Summary

The expert examines Erikson's theory and behavior. The techniques which parents should use are determined.