Explore BrainMass

Explore BrainMass

    Cognitive Psychology

    Cognitive psychology is the study of mental processes, such as attention, memory, language, perception, problem solving, reasoning and decision making, and how these processes influence behavior. Cognitive science and developmental psychology are some disciplines related to the field of cognitive psychology.

    In terms of mental health issues, how people process and obtain information is greatly important and alters the way they may perceive the world and themselves. In the past, behaviorism was the focus in psychology, with the idea that behaviors are learned through conditioning and abnormal behavior could be treated by re-teaching the individual certain behaviors. However, there is now more of a focus on the internal processes of the mind as the reason behind certain behaviors.

    For example, an individual's thinking style may lead them to interpret everything people say to them as a negative comment. A seemingly positive compliment may even be processed as a lie due to the person's negative thinking. A cumulation of these negative thought patterns could lead to developing depressive thoughts and behavior, which could then be understood and treated using cognitive therapies to teach the person to stop their negative, automatic thinking and learn to control their thought processes more.

    A major focus in cognitive psychology is on information gathering, processing, encoding, and retrieving. With the invention of the computer, a popular model was created comparing the human mind to how a computer processes information. This model is called the Turing machine and it simulates the logical decision making of a computer and demonstrates how this same logic can also be used to demonstrate how the brain thinks.

    By studying how people use information, advancements can be made in treating people with memory problems, learning disorders, or other related disorders. Therefore the field is valuable and cognitive psychologists are often employed in a research laboratory or educational institution.


    Image Credit: Gengiskahng / WikiMedia Commons

    © BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com October 4, 2023, 10:40 pm ad1c9bdddf

    BrainMass Categories within Cognitive Psychology


    Solutions: 163

    The study of perception in cognitive psychology examines how humans recognize various things such as patterns, objects, and depth.

    Attention and Memory

    Solutions: 267

    Memory in terms of cognitive psychology involves the research and understanding of how information is processed into memory, how it is encoded and stored, and how it is retained and retrieved.

    BrainMass Solutions Available for Instant Download

    Christian Ethics

    1. Explain how you think Christian ethics is an expression of worship. 2. Describe the fear of the Lord and its role in Christian ethics. 3. Describe the importance of the authority of scripture to Christian ethics. 4. Describe and Explain the three basic approaches to normative ethics.

    Psychodynamic Theory

    Q1. Which approach to psychology do you find most convincing (psychoanalytic, behaviourist, cognitivist, neurobiological)? Q2. What are the basic principles of the approach you selected? Q3. Why do you think it best explains anxiety?

    Psychosexual Stages of Development

    From the psychodynamic viewpoint, the presence of an uncaring mother or the absence of a mother could adversely affect one or more stages of lifespan development. Why do you think Freud believed the mother (and not the father) was uniquely responsible for this aspect of development?

    Sexual Abuse Trauma Analysis

    Based on the annotated bibliography (selected file) related to the trauma of child sexual abuse, consider the specific aspects that you will cover in the final paper (i.e., trauma, demographics, interaction with criminal justice system, victims' rights, assessment, evaluation, and treatment). Using the research literature addres

    Treatment Plan for Recovery

    Based on the information provided in the vignette (attached file), design a treatment plan for Veronica, including the following: * Grieving * Cognitive restructuring of faulty beliefs * Insight and behavioral change Veronica has been in treatment for a couple of months, and you are now designing a comprehensive treatment

    Laurel Case: Design Intervention

    1) You are the therapist Laurel chose to work with (Laurel case is attached to select file), and you give Laurel an appointment to conduct an intake in order to start the assessment process. During that appointment, she relays the information mentioned in the case to you. a) A description of the steps you will take to build rap

    Mr. H's Case

    Analyze the information provided in this case and begin to formulate hypotheses based on the referral questions. * Describe Mr. H's case scenario. * Identify the reason for a referral. * identify the purpose of the forensic assessment and report. * Present your impressions of the client. * Describe your professional role

    Effective Research

    1) While Caffarella and Barnett (2000) indicate that critique is the most influential element in helping learners produce a better writing product, critique can be an emotional event. Cameron, Nairn, and Higgins (2009) note that it proved helpful in their workshops to discuss the emotions that emerged as students prepared to giv

    Mindfulness perspectives for addiction and addictive related

    An Assessment and treatment plan are needed for Ken please: And by the way, there are additional pieces of information that I will have to add to this so you are not by any means completing the entire assignment for me. Thanks! Vignette Four Ken is a 31 year old African-American man who is sent for therapy through his EAP

    Elder Abuse

    The following is a case of an abused senior. Joyce is an 84-year-old woman who was married for 52 years. She has three children and lives with her son. Her husband is deceased but was a prominent attorney. The family presents an ideal picture of an upper-middle-class family. They live in a fashionable suburb. The son has been

    Use of Balance Sheet in Counseling

    Is there research evidence supporting the balance sheet method or approach used in therapist to help client toward making a decision? What does research findings say about the balance sheet method or approach for choosing strategies to help clients make decisions in general? What are the benefits do you see or what are the benef

    Transtheoretical Model of Change

    What is "The Stages of Change Model" Is The Stages of Change Model effective strategy for clients who are resistance to goal setting and the stages for change? Explain how it is effective or not effective "Can The Stages of Change Model help victims or clients involved in domestic violence or a client who is in a abusive

    decision-making risks

    Humans make a plethora of decisions on a daily basis. Some are involuntary biological decisions, whereas others are the result of conscious effort. In this assignment, you will explore the nature of conscious decision making with a goal of determining methods that could be used by individuals to manage their decision making.

    Costs for Career Inventories

    Hi dear helpers. I need help with calculating consumable and non- consumable price for the following tests. Could you fill in the table please, and give me a list of references for these tests. Regular or online delivery to Canada. Thank you very much! P.S. I need to fit in the budget which permits $40 per participant for "cons

    Psychopathology Diagnosis of Mental Disorders

    Presently I am majoring in psychology with a specialization into clinical psychology. I have just started taking an introduction to psychopathology course. This course examines the assessment of various forms of psychopathology. In the course, I will review the etiology of psychopathology, the diagnostic criteria, and common dia

    Factorial Design Studies

    Hi Amy, Could you please analyse these three cases of factorial design for me? I am not interested in Research Methodology course (but can't avoid it) and is doubling it with CBT (which is a lot of study as well). So, I am burning out from studies, plus three kids and work! I also need to write big research proposal, which

    Positive Communication in Relationships

    You are a couple's therapist who happens to be Black. You are seeing a couple for trust issues and meeting with one member of the couple for individual therapy. The other partner, is also Black. He or she is very jealous, and during the course of your work has admitted to having had an ongoing affair but says it has ended.

    Depression and Anxiety Affecting Intelligence Tests

    Measures designed to assess the level of general cognitive functioning have been called intelligence tests in the psychological literature or IQ tests in popular discussions. However, in recent years, there has been a trend to play down the term "intelligence" and instead to speak of "general mental ability" or simply "general a

    Theories of Crime and Terrorism

    Choosing terrorism crime, addressed the following: 1) Define the terrorism. Include both the legal definition and others as necessary. 2) Summarize demographics of the terrorism for both the perpetrators and the victim. Cover the following: Gender, ethnicity, socioeconomic characteristics, and other relevant diversity issues.

    Randomizing methods of assessment administration

    Reactivity is the tendency that people have to make more effort to meet guidelines and standards when they know their performance is being assessed. Reactivity can affect a behavioral study when the team is observing the experiment. The team has two choices to maintain the reliability of experimenter performance across participa

    Influx of information and test development

    Validation is the joint responsibility of the test developer and the test user. The test developer is responsible for providing relevant evidence and a rationale in support of test score interpretation for specified users. In addition to the test developer, important contributions to the validity evidence may continue to accumul

    Integrative Psychotherapy Approaches

    Analyze the conversation below and briefly share your thoughts. Elaborate on a particular point within the discussion. Share your comments on how well you feel that this person has done on their discussion on integrative psychotherapy approaches. Of the theories of psychotherapy this person has studied this quarter, this per

    Role of mediators and moderators in motivation

    There are both intrinsic and extrinsic factors that influence decisions. Are the intrinsic or extrinsic factors more lacking as mediators and moderators when an individual succumbs to a charlatan's ruse? Why? Good references Please.

    Attention and visual search

    Have you ever traveled a familiar route while so lost in thought that you barely experienced the details of the trip itself? Compare this to an experience in which you had to pay attention to a specific set of directions to get to a location you had never visited. How did the characteristics of each situation affect your experie

    On Depth and Pace of Learning

    For what kinds of learners is speed of learning more important than depth of learning and vice versa? Why? What are the most significant tradeoffs when balancing learning speed against learning depth? Why?

    Determining the Credibility of a Source

    Please help with evaluating this article. Wasserfall, C., Nead, K., Mathews, C., & Atkinson, M.A. (2011). The threshold hypothesis: Solving the equation of nature vs nurture in type 1 diabetes. Diabetologia, 54(9), 2232-2236. Briefly address three of these questions and give a brief reasons to support each of your answers

    Considering the Audience

    Discussion, choose one of the abbreviated research plans that you have drafted. Observing Childhood Assimilation Identify the potential audiences for the research proposed in the plan. Select three potential audiences to whom you could potentially present your research findings. Suggest strategies for prese

    Mixed Methods Research

    The Importance of Combining Quantitative and Qualitative Research Methodologies. Why would quantitative or qualitative on their own not be appropriate? Mixed methods design, which design is the primary one? Why is that appropriate? Provide an introduction. Provide a purpose statement. Provide viable research quest