The significant political issues that arise when looking at Thomas Hobbes' The Leviathan, chapter 13 and NiccolÒ Machiavelli's The Prince, chapter 9
Thomas Hobbes and NiccolÒ Machiavelli, both modern philosophers, cover in-depth political outcomes as well as give a detailed account of how human nature differs and its relationship to politics. In the course of their work Hobbes and Machiavelli incline towards the same conclusion that what is viewed as "just" or "unjust" are mere abstract notions that exist only because of perceptions and consequences. However, each author resorts to dissimilar approaches in amplifying how human nature differs. Machiavelli, in chapter 9 of The Prince, views society as comprising of "opposed classes - the "elite" and the "populace". The system to how things work in this society is that, on one hand, the populace does not want to be ordered around by the elite while on the other hand, the elite want to order about and oppress the populace. Machiavelli argues that "the conflict between these two irreconcilable ambitions has in each city one of three consequences: rule by one man, liberty, or anarchy" (P 9.31).