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Thucydides, History of the Peloponnesian War

within this passage" When the spartans invade our land, they do not comeby themselves,but bring alltheir allies with themwhereas we,when we launch an attack abroad, do the job by ourselves, and, though the fighting on foriegn soil, do not often fail to defeat opponents who are fighting for their own hearths and homes. As matter of fact none of our enemies has yet ever been confronted with our total strength, because we have to divide our attention our navy and the many missions on which our troops are sent on land. Yet, if our enimies engage a detachment of our forces and defeat it, they give themselves credit fo having thrown back our entire army; or if they lose, they claim that they were beaten by us in full strength" analyze and explain the meaning within the passage explain the historical significance and summaarize the main point. Explain the authors perspective who and what reason it was composed.

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****This work is not intended to be hand in ready, and it is advised that the student use the material in this posting as guidance and information for their original work****

"When the Spartans invade our land, they do not come by themselves, but bring all their allies with them whereas we, when we launch an attack abroad, do the job by ourselves, and, though the fighting on foreign soil, do not often fail to defeat opponents who are fighting for their own hearths and homes. As matter of fact none of our enemies has yet ever been confronted with our total strength, because we have to divide our attention our navy and the many missions on which our troops are sent on land. Yet, if our enemies engage a detachment of our forces and defeat it, they give themselves credit for having thrown back our entire army; or if they lose, they claim that they were beaten by us in full strength" (1)

This is an excerpt from the funeral oration of the Athenian hero Pericles; this oration is given to the fallen dead of Athens ...

Solution Summary

It is important to understand what the war was about to put this excerpt into its proper framework. Greece at this time in 431 B.C.E. was not one nation but rather a group of city states. Each city states warred with the other for power and control of the Greek land. The genesis of the war was simply control of the Greek land, Athens was a very strong naval power and Sparta was a very strong land power the war lasted for 27 years and was very well documented. This documentation was done by Thucydides and marked the causes of the war as Athenian aggression and expansion into Spartan held territory. Sparta an Athens went to war over this dispute.

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