By the end of World War II, democratic nations (and some not so democratic) were convinced that an international organization was needed to deal with the after effects of the War (e.g., reconstruction) as well as to provide a forum for discussion of differences between member states. The result was the United Nations.
Composed of the General Assembly and the Security Council (and numerous agencies), the U.N. has a charter that member nations must agree to follow prior to being allowed to join.
To what extent the U.N. has been successful in "furthering world peace"?
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OTA 105878/Xenia Jones
The United Nations: Keeping World Peace?
Introduction - Threats to peace
World peace is a relative term, a term under constant erasure dependent upon the person giving the opinion according to culture, context, and social experience (even philosophy and politics). Certainly the world we know today is much more 'at peace' that say, during the early decades of and halfway up the 20th century. The 20th century saw 2 world wars beginning in its very first decade then with new impunity the world was divided into Axis and Allied powers breaking out in the fight that was World War II - a human experience of death, violence and wars that lasted from the early 40s to the later part of the decade. But while it should have ended in the fall of Germany and Japan, a new threat to the hard won peace emerged - the battle of ideologies. America and Russia, the emergent and then contesting remaining world superpowers battled it out in a long protracted war of viewpoints in which to rule a country - democracy vs. communism. America fought to keep democracy and Russia fought to push communism in a conflict known as the 'Cold War'. This was fought in proxy wars in war theatres all over the world including the Korean Peninsula (the Korean war), Vietnam (the Vietnam War) and even Afghanistan. In developing and emergent nations, communism had to go underground and became the ideology of rebel groups seeking to throw out then governments. This conflict had fuelled the race to weaponry, including nuclear armaments and even the race to Space as the ante was upped between Russia and the US in terms of scientific and military achievement. It was this conflict that allowed for the Moon landings to happen and for the science of astronomy and physics to push its boundaries. War they say is the mother of invention. It was in the early 90's when the Berlin Wall fell and Russia broke up from the superpower it was - the country imploded due to economic and political issues. While countries turned to capitalism to buoy struggling and non-existent economies, the fuel that was trade hastened the conversion to capitalist tendencies especially in the likes of then solid communist China. Fast forward to now, the economies that were once ruled by communism have turned capitalist and a united Germany has become the engine for European growth and stability and since the Marshall Plan has placed itself as ...
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