Describe how Reconstruction was brought to an end by white terror and the Compromise of 1877. Had the process of Reconstruction been effective? Why, or why not?
Reconstruction and its efforts to dismantle racial discrimination after the civil war were thwarted because many reasons including an emerging Democratic Party bolstered in part by an alliance of westward settlers, European immigrants, and slaveholders who promoted the anti-black ideology and were against freedmen. Competitive politics with a resilient Democratic Party would eventually result in a tainted Republican presidency in the Compromise of 1877, which all but nullified efforts of reconstruction in the South while enabling some success for Blacks in the North (Hiers, 2007).
Other forces also undermined the commitments of the radicalized Republicans including local affairs (such as the Brooks-Baxter War in Arkansas), Supreme Court cases (such as U.S. v. Reese ), congressional elections, and economic shifts that signaled the decline of northern Republican support for African Americans. Therefore, even before the so-called Compromise of 1877 Republican support for the freedmen was at an all time low. Hayes simply followed Grant's troop removal policy, and the decision to conciliate southern whites had been determined by the Republicans prior to this (Jenkins, 2004).
The Compromise of 1877 was merely a moment when mutual ...
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