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Parliamentary Monarchy vs. Political Absolutism

Differentiate between England's parliamentary monarchy and France's political absolutism. What factor led to the two political models? Discuss events of the late seventeenth century that influenced the new models.

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Hi,

Excellent questions!

RESPONSE:

1. Differentiate between England's parliamentary monarchy and France's political absolutism.

The main difference is one of power, absolute versus shared power. France's political absolutism had a sole monarch who has absolute and unlimited power over the state. It is sometimes associated with dictatorship, dictatorships. In the 17th century, In France, King Louis XIV was an absolute monarch that believed that everything should be absolute. He was considered as "God" http://www.allwords.com/word-absolute+monarchy.html). In contrast, parliamentary monarchy is a monarchy having a parliament (http://www.thefreedictionary.com/parliamentary+monarchy).

England's government is called a Parliamentary Monarchy, which resulted following the revolution in the 17th century. In theory the crown appoints judges, military officials, diplomats, and archbishops as well as gives honors and awards, such as the knighthoods and peerages. In reality all this is done with the advice of the prime minister. England's constitution consists of multiple documents. The written part is comprised of the Magna Carta (1215 A.D.) signed by King John, which took away the king's absolute power (like France's absolute monarchy) and gave some of it to the nobles. The Petition of Rights, passed by parliament in 1628, and the Bill of Rights of 1689. All laws passed by parliament are regarded as constitutional. The Crown gives its royal assent to legislation, but this has no more legal bearing (http://library.thinkquest.org/J0112187/england_government.htm).

2. What factor led to the two ...

Solution Summary

This solution differentiates between England's parliamentary monarchy and France's political absolutism. It further discusses the factor(s) that led to the two political models and the events of the late seventeenth century that influenced the new models.

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