The economy of United States during 1950s recorded a high level of prosperity due to consumer demand and high government spending. The middle class were highly benefited from the rising income and they began to move towards suburbs. The general prosperity in United States did not touch all sections of society. As the middle class whites moved from the cities, they left behind poor people and deteriorated infrastructure. There were no funds to provide relief to the poor urbanites. The Federal Housing Program, urban renewal, and slum clearance had not much effect on the condition of the poor people who lived in the cities. The most affected were black immigrants, Hispanic Americans, Native Americans, and uninsured elderly.
During the presidency of Eisenhower, there was a decline in poverty, but the south experienced most of the poverty. Many blacks migrated to the north to find jobs due to the introduction new farming machines. Most of these blacks migrated to cities like Detroit, Chicago, and Cleveland. The blacks immigrants were disappointed as they faced overcrowding, discrimination and even violence. Poverty affected mostly the aged and children.
The immigrants who failed to find work in rural areas migrated to cities to find work. The poverty of these sections of the people continued unabated without any remedy. At the end of 1950, one fifth of the US population lived below the poverty line. It was only in 1960s that the rich Americans rediscovered poverty amidst prosperity.
This solution describes about the general prosperity of 1950s and the people who had missed out these good times. It also explains about the reasons for the poverty in the midst of prosperity.